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PSYB01H3 (261)
Anna Nagy (133)
Lecture

Notes

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB01H3
Professor
Anna Nagy

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1.
Sasha is conducting an experiment to see if electric shock administered to a participant in a
good mood makes people remember words better. For this experiment, participants are
shown a list of words and asked to memorize it. For the mood induction, some participants
are then shown a film clip that is known to put people in a good mood, and others are shown
a neutral film clip. All participants are then given a mild electric shock, and asked to recall
the words on the list. In this study, the independent variable woul d be:
a.The electric shock
b. The mood induction
c.The score on the memory test
d. Both a and b
2.
In that same experiment, the control group is the one that gets:
a.The electric shock only
b. The neutral-mood induction
c.The memory test
d. The good-mood induction
3.
In that same experiment, the independent variable is:
a.The electric shock only
b. The neutral-mood induction
c.The memory test
d. The good-mood induction
4. The validity of a measure refers to:
a.The accuracy with which it measures the construct
b. The reliability of the measure
c.The consistency of the measure
d. The generalizability of the measure
5. The key advantage of the observational method is:
a.It enables the researcher to establish causality
b. It is highly reliable
c.It captures behaviour as it naturally occurs
d. It allows for a great deal of data to be collected very quickly
6. Explain what a control group is and what pur pose it serves in an experiment.
7. Discuss two distinct (i.s. different from each other) operationalizations of the concept of
happiness
8. Social loafing refers to peoples tendency to slack on group tasks. In one study on social
loafing college participants cheered alone, and in groups of 2, 4, or 6 people. They were
told to cheer as loud as possible at specific times so researchers could determine how
much noise people made in social settings. The amount of noise made by each
participant dropped as group size increased. 1) What is the IV? 2) What is the DV? 3)
Why is random assignment important in this particular case?
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Description
1. Sasha is conducting an experiment to see if electric shock administered to a participant in a good mood makes people remember words better. For this experiment, participants are shown a list of words and asked to memorize it. For the mood induction, some participants are then shown a film clip that is known to put people in a good mood, and others are shown a neutral film clip. All participants are then given a mild electric shock, and asked to recall the words on the list. In this study, the independent variable would be: a. The electric shock b. The mood induction c. The score on the memory test d. Both a and b 2. In that same experiment, the control group is the one that gets: a. The electric shock only b. The neutral-mood induction c. The memory test d. The good-mood induction 3. In that same experiment, the independent variable is: a. The electric shock only b. The neutral-mood induction c. The memory test d. The good-mood induction 4. The validity of a measure refers to: a. The accuracy with which it measures the construct
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