PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Stroop Effect

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Published on 27 Nov 2012
Lecture 2
The strategies used to control (regulate) your behaviour
Pursuit of a long-term goal
Monitor your response to environmental stimuli
The ability to forgo an immediate reward for a larger, future reward
Mischel (1966), aka “The Bing Study”Method:
- Children are shown either oreos or marshmellows (depending on what they like)
they are told that they have to wait for thirty minutes and at the end they will get
double. They are left in a room alone with a plate of either the oreos or the
marshmellows in front of them. Researchers see how long it takes them to ring
the button.
Long-Term Outcomes of the Ability to Delay Gratification:
Later in life, those who can delay gratification:
-Higher verbal and math SAT scores
-Parents rated the children as:
Better able to concentrate
Better able to cope with frustration and stress
-Parents and teachers rated the children as:
Greater cognitive and social competence ratings
How do you recall negative emotional events?
Self-immersed perspective
Recall event in the first-person (i.e., from the perspective of your own eyes)
Self-distanced perspective
Recall event in the third-person (i.e., from the perspective of an observer)
Method: 90 participants
1: Baseline Blood Pressure
2: Anger Manipulation (remember something that mad you mad)
3: Regulation Strategy (either remember from first or third person view)
4: Reactivity BP & Emotion Survey
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