PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Group Decision-Making, No. 5 Group Raf, Milgram Experiment

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Published on 27 Nov 2012
Social Psychology Lecture 5- Group Processes
Power of Social Roles--Film: Quiet Rage-Stanford Prison Experiment
- No psychological differences between the students selected to be guards and those to be
- First Day: the prisoners were picked up in a cop car and taken to prison
- But they still didn’t feel like prisoners and the guards still didn’t feel superior
- Day 2: the prisoners started to rebel and the guards started to take measures
- Day 3: the guards started to be more strict and the prisoners were now becoming more
- The guards used psychological
- Prisoners- aggression , braking down, or obedience
- Guards- kind and sympathetic, normal, or sadistic
Group Cohesiveness
- People perceived groups to be cohesive
- Social groups, social norms, and how cohesive the group is
- The cohesiveness of a groups affects how people in the group like each other
How do Groups Affect Us
- Social Facilitation- focus on how the presence of others affects our performance
- Group decision making
- Deindividuation
- Bad Groups
Social Facilitation
- If you perform something in front of others you will perform it better than if you practiced by
you self
- Something the presence of others inhibits your performance
Social Loafing
- People slack off in a group when being evaluated in a group. If you can be individually evaluated
then you do better
- Depending if the individual perceives the task to be complex or, simple or well learned
- Evaluation apprehension how you think you will be evaluated
- Socio-evaluative threat- extreme evaluation apprehension; people know they will be evaluated
and they can’t take it so their body releases cortisol and negatively affects their performance.
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