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PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Gender Role, Display Rules, Sleep Deprivation


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Elizabeth Page- Gould

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Chapter 4
Social Perception
Display rules
-Are particular to each culture and dictate what kind of expression people
are supposed to show.
-Ex men cannot grieve or cry, but it’s acceptable for women to grieve or
-Nonverbal gestures that have well understood definitions within a given
culture; they usually have direct verbal translations, such as “okay” or “up
yours” (middle finger) or “peace”
-However it is not universal within every culture.
Social Role Theory
-the theory that sex differences in social behaviour derive from
society’s division of labour between the sexes; this division leads to
differences in gender role expectations and sex types skills, both
which are responsibility for differences in men and women’s
social ??
Implicit Personality Theory
-A type of schema people use to group various kinds of personality traits
together; for example many people believe that if someone is kind, he or
she is also generous as well.
-People use schemas to form impressions on people. “ If I think you’re
nice, you will also be generous in lending me some money because I I
think you’re nice”
-Or you might think that a stingy person is also irritable.
-You can extrapolate from a small to a much larger amount of information.
In this case, you can use just a few observations of a person as a starting
point, and then, using your schema, create a much fuller understanding of
what a person is like.
-Even though nonverbal communication is sometimes easy to decode and
implicit personality theories can streamline the way we form impressions, there is
still substantial ambiguity as to what a person’s behaviour really means.
Attribution theory
-a description of the way in which people explain the causes of their own
and other people’s behaviour
-What people are really like and what motivates them to act as they do.
-When trying to decide why people behave as they do, we can make one of
two attributions:
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