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Lecture 16

PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Amotion


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould
Lecture
16

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Cognitive
-hwo do we think?
Western tend to think that we think in words
Experiment;
East-asains maybe don’t think in words , might be in association
If u think in words, thinking aloud should facilitate u in performing a task
If u don’t think in words and trying to verbalize will inhibit your efficiency
2 condns:
Think aloud or articulatory suppression by saying the alphabets
North America:
When they are were thinking aloud, their performances were enhanced a little bit as opposed to
their baseline
They were seriously hindered when they had to suppress their verbalization by spewing alphabets
East Asian
Were hindered in both condns
Were more hindered when they had to verbalize their thoughts process aloud
~perhaps people do not think in the same way
Framing
-study:
Cultural primes and how they affect your identification with the culture
If someone prime u with a familiar cultural icon, then u are going to view things even more
congruently with that culture
Ps not aware that they were being influenced
Results: pendorsed cultural values even more than when they were primed with western icons
Dialectical thinking
Expemnt:
Compare proverbs
Looked at linearity and dialectical thinking
Results: Chinese had more dialectical proverbs than Americans
Preferences: Americans preferred liner proverbs more than dialectical and Chinese
preferred more dialectical than linear this was not b/c they liked dialectical thinking
but they showed linear yiddish proverbs
Chinese individual liked Yiddish dialectical than linear and Americans like linear Yiddish
proverbs `they didnt like proverbs b/c it came from their culture.
Emotional Complexity
Varies across cultures
Looking at correlations btwn positive and negative emotions as reported in daily lives
US:negative correlation
If I feel happy, I feel less sad
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In east asian, there are no correlations, u could feel happy and sad at same time or feel
happy but u dont feel less sad
`we have diff levels of mixtures of emotions
Chinese and Koreans: If u feel happy, u feel more sad
Social Norm;
Punishment for violation of social norms differ btwn cultures
Acculturation:
successful integration of two cultures
beginning of new culture due to blending ot 2 cultures
-considered ideal
Assimilation
-refuse the other culture an dcompletely adopt a new culture
-not ideal:depends on person
Bicultural identity integration
-degree to which 2 cultural identities to merged in to 1
2 components: how much harmony and conflict u perceive betweentwo cultures
How much similarity and distant u perceive between cultures
High:
-perceived harmony and perceived similaritybicultural identity
Low:
Perceived harmony and high distant low in bicultural identity
Expmnt:
Results:
Chinese primes:
If u are primed with Chinese identity, u make more external attribution
American primes:
U make more internal attributions
People with low BII,
Chinese primes, they made more internal attributuions
American primes,
They made more external attributions for fish behavior
SOCIAL POWER AND HIERARCHY
Social Heirarchy
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Implicit or explicit-
Explicitly u know who is more powerful, has a higher status- u know very clearly the
explicit level, people have official roles and everybody knows and u know they are of
higher status
Implicit- assumed through associations
U dont actually have to say hierarchy exists for it to exist
It can be an explicit for someone but implicit for someone else
i.e the prof at Berkeley where teacher thinks we are all buddies and swears but students
very clear of the hierarchy
Rank ordering-
Multiple people can be at # one rank
WE ARE FOCUSING ON INDIVIDUALS!
Within each diff group, there is a social dimension that is perceived valuable.
;idea with in any group, the dimension in which people differentiate in hierarchy will be
unique to that group b/c of the concept of value
i.e money
Social power:
Someone who has an asymmetric control i.e CEO
Power can conferred through # of channels either have it or be given
Power Hierarchy-RESOURCES!
Social status: harder to nail down, b/c it doesnt rely on resources
Cant ask people to give u, are entirely endowed by people, have to be earned
U can signal your status
Social status—cant be lost if u lose resources
Formal-
explicitly said, everybody knows the roles
The roles stay same but people can move between roles
Higher ranked positions have greater value
Doesnt get completely disrupted b/c those who have occupied that role has changed
the people at the top –control most resources, thats how they get their power
subordinates: u yell at subordinates
tend to be based on meritocracy—why u the CEO an dhim tehmanager? Well the CEO
must be better-an assumption of legitimacy
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