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PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Gordon Allport, Social Cognition, Stanford Prison Experiment

Course Code
Elizabeth Page- Gould

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Lecture 1
Social Psychology: Uses scientific methods to understand and explain how the thought,
feeling and behavior of individuals are inf luenced by the actual, imagined, or implied
presence of [others]; Gordon Allport 1985
will talk about other individuals tha t are not humans, mostly on human pr imates
because socially, they are the most similar to us, but there are a lot of animals that exhibit
social behaviors; fundamental for our success as species
its through our ability to interact with and cooperate with others that weve been so
successful as a specie
ABCs of Social Psychology
-Affect: emotions, feelings, and mood; any kind of emotional experience
-Behavior: verbal and nonverbal action; what we study the most; profess or t alking and
speaking to us considered a behavior because thats something that went outside of
herself and that we can observe which is fundamental;
-cognition: thought, sensation, perception, processing, and memor y; information
processing; interesting from a social perspective based on ‘how do we think about others
inf luenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of [others]; how having
someone in front of you is going to inf luence you or thinking about someone that is very
important to you eg, your parents staring down at you while youre taking a t est, that will
affect how you perform; they’re not there, but they’re imagined
implied presence, t hinking about other people being present tha t can change your
behavior too
so we talk about how other people are affected by ot her people but in a very broad
sense, not just being in the physical presence of someone else but it can be a mental one
other pr imates are inf luenced by others; video of Confucian monkeys; monkey really
loves cucumbers; award them with it and theyre happy but they really love grapes; they
would pick grapes over cucumber; in the video, they’re doing a bartering task; essentially,
youre going to see a setup in an experimental room with 2 confucian monkeys in their
cages; an experimenter doing a basic kind of learning thing with them; she gives them a
token; if monkey takes it, they will be rewarded with a cucumber or grape; they can see
what each other are getting; experimenter will give t he monkey a token, it’ll give it back
and experimenter will give the monkey a reward as a result; inequality task, one monkey
gets a grape, another a cucumber who throws it out of his cage or wont take it from the
experimenter’s hand; both monkey s ide by side in separate cages; the monkey who
initially got the cucumber wont even acc ept the token in fur ther trials; graph: if both
monkeys get cucumber, they accept and are quite happy however, if one receives grape
and the other a cucumber (rejects it 50% of the time); if the other one rece ives a g rape
without having to exchange the token, the other monkey wont even accept t he cucumber
at all; what you see here is instead of an animal motivated purely by self-interest; if that
were the case, he would’ve gone straight for the food; but instead, because he seen the
amount of shares received by his fellow monkeys; as a result, hes changing his own
perceptions of the value t hats being placed in front of him
when you see someone smile, you smile back; we like to mimic facial display
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