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Lecture 3

PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Kurt Lewin, Ultimate Attribution Error, Statistical Hypothesis Testing

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May 24 2012
Person Perception and Social Interaction
Readings- (CH. 4)pp. 96- 122 and blackboard readings
- What is person perception is a whole defined as how do we think of other people, perceive
and interpret people -
- Person perception come from observing behaviour
- Verbal behavior what we say to others “your outfit is really nice” – intepretated as a
- Non-verbal behavior - emblems and
- Emblems (non-linguistic forms of verbal behavior but are sub characterized under non-verbal)
gestures that have well understood meaning within a culture e.g. peace sign, thumbs up etc
- Research on thin slices approach within social psych focused of the attributional power of
brief exposure to others
- Show images really fast (e.g. face) detecting things simply from seeing a quick image
- SES (socio-economic status) In social interactions they had people interact with other people
(which was videotaped) the videotape was shown to another set of participants who were
asked to predict there SES
- People low in SES tend to move less and are better focused compare to high SES
- Results people were able to accurately detect parents income, mothers education and
subjective SES (simply by watching the 30 sec clip)
- People who are high in SES tend to groom themselves more, doodle, manipulating objects
playing with their cell phones and were less focused
- Context (situation) - what we get from ones behaviour depends on the situation that surrounds
the situation (a picture of someone crying vs. a picture of someone crying because she won a
gold metal)
- Context provides more information and can completely change attribution for what somebody
is doing or saying
- Schemas are a set of expectations you have for any person, thing or situation
- Attribution an explanation for an observed behaviour of a social object (explanation cans be
made both other people and are own behaviour)
- Attribution are automatic attributing behaviour to what we see
- Neo-cortex pattern matching
- Internal attribution attributing a person’s behaviour to something intrinsic to that person –
behaviour caused by her internal self personality, values, character, attitude
- External attribution attributing a person’s behaviour to something about the situation in
which the behaviour occurred
- Specifically not changing beliefs regarding person’s character or personality but rather a result
of the situation
- Correspondence bias tendency to infer that a person’s behaviour corresponds to their
disposition, personality or attitude
- Internal attributes = other people
- External attributes = used for our own behaviour
- Fundamental attribution error - When perceiving others, you analyze their behaviour internally
whereas when perceiving our own behaviour we tend use external attributes
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