Groups: how does presence of others (groups) affect us. Some form of interdependence with them: not a social group. People lining up for a popular book: social group. People who witnessed a event and start discussing said event. Quiet rage: the stanford prison experiment. Milgram: not covered on final exam. Differentiating elements of non-social vs social groups. Groups have social norms to guide behavior. A group"s pres(cid:272)riptio(cid:374)s for the (cid:271)eha(cid:448)ior, (cid:448)alues, a(cid:374)d (cid:271)eliefs of its (cid:373)e(cid:373)(cid:271)ers: group members are expected to conform to these norms, members who deviate from norms are punished or rejected. A group"s e(cid:454)pe(cid:272)tatio(cid:374)s for the (cid:271)eha(cid:448)ior a(cid:374)d respo(cid:374)si(cid:271)ilities of (cid:448)arious su(cid:271)groups a(cid:374)d its members: potential costs. Individual personality may be taken over by power of role. Violation of social roles meets with censure from other groups. Interested in assigning social roles: guard, prisoner. Power of situations: rules, roles, symbols. Social roles: flip of a coin determined social role.