Lecture 17 notes

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12 Dec 2010
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Lecture 17 Culture
What is Culture?
Cultures are dynamic
The culture of your parents is not the culture of you
The culture you experienced 10 years ago is not the culture you are experiencing now
Its always changing
Its dynamic
It is constructive individual members of a culture make the culture, they construct
their culture
Culture affects you as well
Youre affected by your culture but you can also change your culture
Nationality
oThis is the primary way in which people tend to study culture
oGo to Africa and collect data there
oCrude method in studying culture
Ethnicity
oNot the nation, but the heritage that shapes who you are, this applies to
family as well
Identification
oThe shared identity of group members
oInter-group relations
oYou could be Canadian and your parents born somewhere else but you can
identify with one of those identities or another identity
Provides us with metaphysics
oYour perceptions of the worlds as a whole, how the world works and why were
here
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oWhy culture is so interesting because meaning systems is how we extract
meaning form the world
Studying Culture
2 primary methodological orientations
Typical methods
***SHES NOT TALKING ABOUT METHODOLOGICAL CONCERNS!
Methodological orientations
Culture comparative
Cross cultural
Culture Comparative
The idea here is that humans are humans and our culture just essentially a
situation that is put on top of us
We have all the same heuristics and cognitive biases, psychological processes, as
people from another culture
Culture comparative psychologists thinks that variation between a culture is
comparable to variation within a culture
Cross-Cultural
You cant compare one person in this culture to one person in another culture
They’re going to focus on within culture variation
They’re not going to compare somebody who is very individualist to someone was
collectivises in Canada to those in china because they’re going to say Canadians
developed in their own way and china developed in their own way
Typical Methods
Culture-comparative
oCreate a construct
oIdentify behaviours that indicate this construct
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