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PSYB10H3 (600)
Lecture 17

Lecture 17 notes


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB10H3
Professor
Ingrid L.Stefanovic
Lecture
17

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Lecture 17 โ€“ Culture
What is Culture?
๎€Cultures are dynamic
๎€The culture of your parents is not the culture of you
๎€The culture you experienced 10 years ago is not the culture you are experiencing now
๎€Itโ€™s always changing
๎€Itโ€™s dynamic
๎€It is constructive โ€“ individual members of a culture make the culture, they construct
their culture
๎€Culture affects you as well
๎€Youโ€™re affected by your culture but you can also change your culture
๎€Nationality
oThis is the primary way in which people tend to study culture
oGo to Africa and collect data there
oCrude method in studying culture
๎€Ethnicity
oNot the nation, but the heritage that shapes who you are, this applies to
family as well
๎€Identification
oThe shared identity of group members
oInter-group relations
oYou could be Canadian and your parents born somewhere else but you can
identify with one of those identities or another identity
๎€Provides us with metaphysics
oYour perceptions of the worlds as a whole, how the world works and why weโ€™re
here
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oWhy culture is so interesting because meaning systems is how we extract
meaning form the world
Studying Culture
๎€2 primary methodological orientations
๎€Typical methods
๎€***SHEโ€™S NOT TALKING ABOUT METHODOLOGICAL CONCERNS!
Methodological orientations
๎€Culture comparative
๎€Cross cultural
Culture Comparative
๎€The idea here is that humans are humans and our culture just essentially a
situation that is put on top of us
๎€We have all the same heuristics and cognitive biases, psychological processes, as
people from another culture
๎€Culture comparative psychologists thinks that variation between a culture is
comparable to variation within a culture
Cross-Cultural
๎€You canโ€™t compare one person in this culture to one person in another culture
๎€Theyโ€™re going to focus on within culture variation
๎€Theyโ€™re not going to compare somebody who is very individualist to someone was
collectivises in Canada to those in china because theyโ€™re going to say Canadians
developed in their own way and china developed in their own way
Typical Methods
๎€Culture-comparative
oCreate a construct
oIdentify behaviours that indicate this construct
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