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Lecture 17

Lecture 17 notes

Course Code
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

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Lecture 17 โ€“ Culture
What is Culture?
๎€Cultures are dynamic
๎€The culture of your parents is not the culture of you
๎€The culture you experienced 10 years ago is not the culture you are experiencing now
๎€Itโ€™s always changing
๎€Itโ€™s dynamic
๎€It is constructive โ€“ individual members of a culture make the culture, they construct
their culture
๎€Culture affects you as well
๎€Youโ€™re affected by your culture but you can also change your culture
oThis is the primary way in which people tend to study culture
oGo to Africa and collect data there
oCrude method in studying culture
oNot the nation, but the heritage that shapes who you are, this applies to
family as well
oThe shared identity of group members
oInter-group relations
oYou could be Canadian and your parents born somewhere else but you can
identify with one of those identities or another identity
๎€Provides us with metaphysics
oYour perceptions of the worlds as a whole, how the world works and why weโ€™re

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oWhy culture is so interesting because meaning systems is how we extract
meaning form the world
Studying Culture
๎€2 primary methodological orientations
๎€Typical methods
Methodological orientations
๎€Culture comparative
๎€Cross cultural
Culture Comparative
๎€The idea here is that humans are humans and our culture just essentially a
situation that is put on top of us
๎€We have all the same heuristics and cognitive biases, psychological processes, as
people from another culture
๎€Culture comparative psychologists thinks that variation between a culture is
comparable to variation within a culture
๎€You canโ€™t compare one person in this culture to one person in another culture
๎€Theyโ€™re going to focus on within culture variation
๎€Theyโ€™re not going to compare somebody who is very individualist to someone was
collectivises in Canada to those in china because theyโ€™re going to say Canadians
developed in their own way and china developed in their own way
Typical Methods
oCreate a construct
oIdentify behaviours that indicate this construct
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