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Lecture 19

Lecture 19 - Intergroup Processes

Course Code
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

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Lecture 19 Intergroup Processes
Intergroup in terms of nationality, men and women, ethnic, attitudes towards gays
and lesbians, this could be any group whatsoever
Almost anything can be a group where you can have intergroup relations
Social group to which you belong
Anything can be your ingroup if it can describe you
You have multiple ingroups
Whichever ingroup you identify the most, is based on what aspect of yourself youre
currently thinking about
I am a uoft student so a York student would be an outgroup
Maybe you think of yourself as a utsc student so st. George students and
Mississauga students would be your outgroups
Intergroup processes
ABCs and situations in this case
Arise when people from different groups interact with each other or think about each
This is when you start to see interesting social phenomenon come out
Primarily talk about social identity theory dominant theory across the world in
intergroup relations
A lot of people contribute to this work call themselves intergroup social theorists
even though they might not be
Social Identity Theory
We want to think that were good people
So how do we achieve this positive self regard
Assumptions of Social Identity Theory

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People naturally group into groups
They like to categorize things
This applies across the boards
We like to detect patterns
We say that this person belongs here and this person belongs here is just another
aspect of the process
Through categorization that we create this distinction with ingroup and outgroup
You cant have ingroup and outgroup without each other
Group Categorization
Why do we categorize people into groups?
The new way that we think about it is the concept of cognitive miser
Cognitive miser perspective
oThe idea of being, go and take a really hard math test, then you are trying to
diet and then youre presented with a cake because youve used up all your
cognitive resources on the test
oWhen you apply this to group categorization
We categorize people on the basis of shared features
There is some features we pay attention to than others age, sex and
race major 3
We trivially create minimal groups
The idea right now of what a minimal group is that no one else would
recognize as a group but in the moment you can still say these people
are like this and those people are like that something that is very
context specific
Cognitive miser
oIntelligent way of going about things
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