Class Notes (921,883)
CA (542,687)
UTSC (32,886)
Psychology (8,010)
PSYB10H3 (558)
Lecture 20

Lecture 20

13 Pages
97 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB10H3
Professor
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 13 pages of the document.
Lecture 20
Group-based bias
Affect prejudice the emotional attitude we have towards someone else
Behaviour discrimination act in a certain way against you in terms of what group you belong to.
Can be a positive as well as a negative form.
Cognition stereotyping and outcomes of stereotyping and a perceptual bias called outgroup
homogeneity
***think about this diagram!
Cognitive Component: Stereotype
Typical traits youre going to associate with certain group members
Schemas based on group membership
Affective Component: Prejudice
Wouldnt be considered prejudice if you didnt like someone based on who they are as an individual
but if part of your reason for not liking them for what group they belong to or how the act then that
is prejudice
Association between attitudes emotions
Behavioural Component: Discrimination
Be against outgroup members and acceptations of them
Group membership outgroup members
Stereotyping
Stereotypes across time
oBased on what country you were in Europe, they had a long list of names and customs and
nature. He said Spanish are arrogant, German are open-hearted.
oWeve always stereotyped
Katz & Braly (1933) Phase 1 of Princeton Trilogy
Collected racial stereotypes from 100 college students
Preworld war ii
Thought Germans were scientifically minded, stolid
Jews were shrewd
www.notesolution.com
Italians were artistic
There is a high degree of consensus among the 100 students
Something more general about American culture beliefs
Basis for studying stereotypes at all, and thought that it was something interested or worth studying
important study for this purpose
The Princeton Trilogy
The stereotypes were reasonably consistent
Listed in importance and overtime some of the stereotypes became less important
Conclusions
oThere are a lot of stereotypes somewhat consistent across time
oThey are also contextually bound
oSome things we are going to keep but there are current culture and current things going on in
the world
Stereotypes: Mechanisms
Broad and not super specific in what they are describing : Trait-based stereotype
Internal disposition
Dependent on the context
Dependent on the situation, then the stereotype we apply to the situation is going to change
Showing that the context itself is going to make a difference in terms of what you expect solely on
their group membership
Who Stereotypes?
Even if you dont endorse a stereotype, you know what it is
You know what people think about a certain group
Media loves stereotype they’re controllable and understandable
Hard to miss a stereotype your culture has
Factors affecting stereotype use
oEgalitarian ideologies
Personal ideology or moral system based on the idea that humans are inherently equal
and therefore should be treated equally
www.notesolution.com
Patricia
Automatic aspects of stereotyping
oWe all kind of know what cultural stereotypes are working memory and
semantic network if I prime you with some stereotype it can be
automatically activated in your mind. Enter in a situation and there is
something primed in you and it becomes accessible
oThere is also the controlled memory you may or may not care if you apply
the stereotype to the individual you are interacting with
oIf people are very egalitarian and have stereotypes primed in their minds
they try to CONTROL them
oShe showed that this happens in a preconscious level, if youre really
strongly egalitarian it can still be controlled
oIf stereotype usage requires a controlled element than that also implies it
requires resources
Cognitive Load
When you need your mental resources to do something
You have a fixed pot of mental resources to use and if you take away half of that and half of it is gone
Go into a study and remember this 9 digit number, if you remember the 9 digit number over a 30
minute period then you get a reward
To remember the 9 digit number you need to rehearse it in your name, and you use up the other
resources
Greater load = the less resources you have to give to a particular situation the more likely you are to
stereotype people in your environment
Cognitive Load & Stereotype
Mendoza-denton
High in egalitarian values
Two experimental conditions
Cognitive load: long number
Low load: 3digit number
Then he had participants rate the aggressiveness of african americans and Caucasian Americans
Results
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Lecture 20 Group-based bias Affect prejudice the emotional attitude we have towards someone else Behaviour discrimination act in a certain way against you in terms of what group you belong to. Can be a positive as well as a negative form. Cognition stereotyping and outcomes of stereotyping and a perceptual bias called outgroup homogeneity ***think about this diagram! Cognitive Component: Stereotype Typical traits youre going to associate with certain group members Schemas based on group membership Affective Component: Prejudice Wouldnt be considered prejudice if you didnt like someone based on who they are as an individual but if part of your reason for not liking them for what group they belong to or how the act then that is prejudice Association between attitudes emotions Behavioural Component: Discrimination Be against outgroup members and acceptations of them Group membership outgroup members Stereotyping Stereotypes across time o Based on what country you were in Europe, they had a long list of names and customs and nature. He said Spanish are arrogant, German are open-hearted. o Weve always stereotyped Katz & Braly (1933) Phase 1 of Princeton Trilogy Collected racial stereotypes from 100 college students Preworld war ii Thought Germans were scientifically minded, stolid Jews were shrewd www.notesolution.com Italians were artistic There is a high degree of consensus among the 100 students Something more general about American culture beliefs Basis for studying stereotypes at all, and thought that it was something interested or worth studying important study for this purpose The Princeton Trilogy The stereotypes were reasonably consistent Listed in importance and overtime some of the stereotypes became less important Conclusions o There are a lot of stereotypes somewhat consistent across time o They are also contextually bound o Some things we are going to keep but there are current culture and current things going on in the world Stereotypes: Mechanisms Broad and not super specific in what they are describing : Trait-based stereotype Internal disposition Dependent on the context Dependent on the situation, then the stereotype we apply to the situation is going to change Showing that the context itself is going to make a difference in terms of what you expect solely on their group membership Who Stereotypes? Even if you dont endorse a stereotype, you know what it is You know what people think about a certain group Media loves stereotype theyre controllable and understandable Hard to miss a stereotype your culture has Factors affecting stereotype use o Egalitarian ideologies Personal ideology or moral system based on the idea that humans are inherently equal and therefore should be treated equally www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit