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16 Dec 2010
School
Department
Course
Lecture 19
Intergroup Processes
Ingroup
A social group to which you belong
You can have multiple ingroups
Outgroup
A social group to which you do not belong
Intergroup Processes
Situations, cognitions, beliefs and feelings that arise when people from different groups interact
with or think about each other
Or any method that will effect each other
Social Identity Theory
A diffuse use interrelated set of social psychological theories about when and why individuals
identify with, and behave as a part, of social group
Most widely used in the world
Assumptions
oKey Assumption: we have a need for positive self-regard
oAchieved via our own achievements; or via identification with the achievements of the
social groups we belong to
Components
oCategorization:
People naturally group other social objects into groups
Creates ingroup-outgroup distinction
People naturally group similar objects together (or group people)
Why do we categorize people into groups? (Trade speed for accuracy)
Old way: laziness (people simply did not care)
New way: cognitive miser (we move faster through the world if we dont
have to individually process each human being)
oWe have limited cognitive resources that must be conserved
oEngage in mental shortcuts (heuristics)
oApplied to group categorization:
Categorize people on the basis of shared features
Can trivially create minimal groups
oMinimal Groups:
Ingroups and outgroups formed on trivial, highly context-specific features
(features of the current situation hence why someone else wouldnt necessarily
categorize people in the same way)
Minimal group paradigm: creating ingroups and outgroups from the most
minimal of conditions
Example: Sandal versus sneakers on 1st day of class
Blue versus yellow t-shirts distributed in the lab
Tajfel & Turner (1979)
Method: Participants come into lab in groups
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Document Summary

Ingroup: a social group to which you belong, you can have multiple ingroups. Outgroup: a social group to which you do not belong. Situations, cognitions, beliefs and feelings that arise when people from different groups interact with or think about each other: or any method that will effect each other. People naturally group other social objects into groups. People naturally group similar objects together (or group people)  categorize people on the basis of shared features.  can trivially create minimal groups: minimal groups: Ingroups and outgroups formed on trivial, highly context-specific features (features of the current situation  hence why someone else wouldn"t necessarily categorize people in the same way)  minimal group paradigm: creating ingroups and outgroups from the most minimal of conditions: example: sandal versus sneakers on 1st day of class, blue versus yellow t-shirts distributed in the lab.

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