PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Blackboard, Verbal Behavior, Fundamental Attribution Error

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13 Apr 2012
Lecture 3 Social Psych
-Thin Slices: show people images of another person, and have people decide random
chacteristics about them. Research has found that we’re able to accurately judge
something’s and extract certain infos from small exposures of an individual
-Context: behaviour on its own doesn’t tell us about somebody, the behave in the
context of the environment gives us a picture of the individual
-Schemas: set of expectations that you have for a situation, person or thing.
Attribution: an explanation for behaviour that you observe.
>can be for yourself, or for others
-attribution is very automatic
-internal attribution. Attribute her behaviour to her personality, an attitude, values
or beliefs. Anything that is about the person
-correspondents bias: bias that refers to when we’re trying to attribute the
behaviour of other people. We tend to attribute it to internal things
>fundamental attribution error: correspondents bias AND when you’re
perceiving yourself, and for our own behaviour you make external attributions
-tendency to overestimate the role of information that grabs our attention
>when you observe somebody else do the behaviour, you’re looking at the
person whos doing the behaviour. Focused on them. The thing that you pay
attention too is the thing you assign the cause to
-Covariation Theory: if consistency level is low, its situational. If consistency is high,
it could be internal/external attribution. Internal if consensus and distinctiveness is
low and external if consensus and distinctiveness is high
-Implicit Personality Theories: type of schema that we use to group personality
traits. Like a stereotype for personalities.
Social interaction: back and forth exchange between 2+ people, of non verbal or
verbal behaviour.
>Average time span is 10 minutes.
>online conversations count as social interaction. However, an online chat is
also considered a social interaction but it’s a grey area. emails/fb wall posts might
not be unless theyre online and reply back, has to be back and forth
>Field Theory: B = f(P, E). dyadic interactionism. What is a social interaction,
what causes behaviour in a social interaction? B is behaviour. P is internal
/characteristics and E aspects of environment..
>Snow argued that P and E are independent of each other. Behaviour is
partly who you are and partly the external constraints.
>”Clever Hans”: a horse named Hans, his trainer said this horse can add.
Trainer would write on a blackboard like 2+3 and he would leave. The horse would
stomp with his foot 5 times. He could only do this with a lot of people watching bc
they would all get excited when he got to that number and he’d stop. It was an
external factor, affecting the environment.
-Came up with a model for social interaction: all we know about a person is
behaviour, can’t infer their beliefs and attitudes.
-noise gun experiment: attempt to demonstrate how social interactions feed into
one another and affect each other
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