Social Psychology Lecture 2.docx

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13 Apr 2012
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Social Psychology: Lecture 2
Self: awareness of own identity and who you are
>Your behaviors, thoughts feelings, etc
Self Awareness: humans show that they know that they are an individual
>an entity that is distinct and different from others and the environment
Minimal self: the most basic form of self-concept. You yourself are separate from the
environment
>double stimulation: how do you know that you exist and are diff from the
world? Touch your arm, you feel that on both your hand AND arm. When you touch
the podium, you only feel your hand rubbing it (not how the podium feels being
rubbed)
Objectified Self: ability to think about yourself as an object, reflect on one self
>have yourself serve as the object of your own attention/know you can serve as
the object of someone else’s attention.
Symbolic Self: “narrative self” the ability to form an abstract mental representation
of yourself that you can express through words
>know your diff from environment (minimal), can relflect on self (objectified
self) but you can also talk about your history, and qualities about yourself.
Self-Concept: cognitive concept of who you are
>everything you know about yourself: personality traits, moral values, identities,
ethnic heritage, etc
-measuring self-concept: use self report measure
-your self schema is usually complex, you associate many things with who you are
-different people activate different parts of yourself
-working self concept: what you’ve recently been primed with, what you’ve recently
been thinking about, or people you’ve been talking too make certain qualities of who
you are more accessible, and will drive your behaviour. People activate different
parts yourself, whatever’s accessible in your mind at any given moment is the
working self-concept.
>can depend on recent situation, who you’re with etc
-Centrality: there are certain traits that are always be accessible (chronically
accessible) traits that are central to your self concept. Define who you are no matter
what
-self concept is who you are, how you define yourself. Self schema is how we think
your self concept is organized in your mind.
-Self-Concept Centrality: some aspects of your self concept are more important to
you then others
>Central qualities are chronically accessible (randomly asking “hey who are
you!?” and your answer)
-self handicapping: undermining your own performance
-self-verification: need to seek validation of your self concept.
>Even for aspects that seem negative
-Possible Selves: we have self concepts for who we might become
>doesn’t exist yet
>could be ideal self that we really want to be, neutral self that we could become,
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