Social Psychology Lecture 7.docx

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13 Apr 2012
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Social Psych Lecture 7
why do we like other people
-proximity: distance or lack there of. more you see somebody, better chance you'll
have a relationship with them
>propinquity: the more we see/interact with another person more likely we are
to like them. occurs through process of familiarity
>mere exposure effect: the more exposure you get to a neutral object, the more
you'll like it. only if the object is not something you don't like
-MIT dorm study: seeing who would become friends with each other. everyone
living there is couples, one person student and other person their spouse
>found the main factor was the location of your apartment for who you became
friends with (next door neighbours)
>propinquity effect: could be bc that we like things familiar to us, things we know
well.
-research supports that similarity supports liking more then complimentary
(opposites attract idea)
>we like people who are like us bc it validates us.
>tarts like dominance/submissiveness, opposites attract idea works better there.
rather then both people being dominant
-reciprocal liking: imagine that both people like each other, but you don't want to
reveal that unless you know its going to be reciprocated.
>we like people better if they like us. we're good at picking up on subtle cues of
liking (in a social interaction, eye contact)
-composite (combos of diff average faces) faces are more prototypical, more
symmetrical, you have familiarity with these faces bc they're all average faces
-theres something hardwired to liking attractive people. key piece of evidence,
babies look longer at attractive faces then non attractive faces.
-Beautiful-is-good schema: tendency to associate attractiveness with goodness
>tend to think attractive people have diff traits based on country (table with
Canada, US and Korea)
-matching hypothesis: evidence comes from a dating study, UCLA dating study.
Recruited dating partners (people in a relationship) took a pic of each person, and
ad other people rate how attractive each partner is. Found that similarity in
attractiveness had satisfaction in relationships.
-Scarcity: you have some standard for who you want, if you happen to be in a
context where you don’t have many opportunities, your standard shifts downwards.
-evolutionary fitness: whether or not the baby survives to its own mating years
>reproductive investment of each sex: amount of time, resources and risk in
having each child. Varies between sexes.
>the choosy sex bears the most reproductive costs. Sex with the least
reproductive cost tend to have to compete with members of their own sex.
-sexual dimorphism: one sex is bigger then the other. Normally in polygamous
animals (one of one sex mating with many of the other sex)
-Monogamy: why is there monogamy?
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