Social Psychology Lecture 8.docx

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13 Apr 2012
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Social Psych Lecture 8
-Culture: an ever changing constructive stimulus that shapes the way individ
perceive and contribute to the world
>culture changes all the time.
>it is affected by the members of the culture.
>culture itself shapes the individ also
-elements of culture: nationality (country you were born in), ethnicity, identification
(you can have a nationality and ethnicity, but identification is how much you
incorporate that heritage with yourself)
-metaphysical aspect: beliefs about the world, why are we here (existence, origins of
humanity story)
-theory in cultural psychology: individualism (people emphasize the individ over the
group. personal achievements, greater emphasis on competition) and collectivism
(emphasis on th group, social cohesion)
>you can have both at the same time, usually you see them as opposites
-political climate: political structure of a country both constrains behaviour/cultural
expression but can also change it
>government matters
-religious beliefs are a big aspect of culture. environment also shapes culture
-cognitive framing: like a schema, a set of expectations you have bout the world that
you fit behaviour in to. effects what you perceive in the world.
>study: when you are primed with your cultural icon, you'll behave more in line
with your culture. prime people with a familiar icon of their culture (chinese icon for
chinese people). found that, when they asked people to rate traditional values, after
primed with images related to their culture they said they believed more in the
traditional values of their culture
-dialectical thinking: 3 key principals, belief in change (idea that everything in the
world is changing), contradiction (a dialectical person would believe that the world
is full of contradiction. linear thinking people see things more as "if this is true, and
this seems to contradict it. one of them is wrong and one is right". dialect thinkers
think that both can be true), and wholeism (dialect thinker things everything's is
interrelated and interdependent)
-positive and negative emotions. in the US there is a negative correlation, you feel
happy so you don't feel sad. with east asians there is no correlation, the emotions
seem independent of each other
-Acculturation: successful integration of two cultural identities. if someone is
acculturated, they haven't rejected their previous culture but found a way that
everything works together with the new and old culture.
-Assimilation: completely adopt new culture, reject old culture
-Social Power and Hierarchy: an implicit or explicit rank order of individ or groups
with respect to a valued social dimension.
>ordering people, ranking them.
>how we rank people is dependent on what the group needs.
-social power: an objective form of hierarchy. Based on resources (money, food,
shelter). Person who decides who gets the resources, gets the “power”
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