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Psychology (8,010)
PSYB10H3 (558)
Lecture

Class Nores

6 Pages
58 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould

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PSYB10 LEC 11 Group processes
Types of groups
Differentiating elements of Nonsocial vs Social Groups:
Interaction
Interdependence
Social Groups
Groups have social norms to guide behaviour
Groups have well-defined social roles
Vary in level of group cohesiveness
Social Norms
The implicit or explicit rules of a group about the acceptable behaviours, values, and beliefs of
its members
Group members are expected to conform to these norms
Members who deviate from norms are punished or rejected
Social Roles
Shared expectations about how particular group members should behave
Potential costs: Individual personality may be taken over by power of role
Violation of social roles meets with censure from other group members
Group Cohesiveness
The degree to which a group IS or IS PERCEIVED TO BE close knit and similar
Promotes liking and ingroup favouritism
Affects stereotyping of the group by outsiders
Destructive Cults
A group of great devotion to a person/idea/thing that employs unethical techniques of
manipulation or control
Jim Jones andthe peoples temple
NOV 18th, 1978
Jones orchestrates mass suicide
Compound in Ghana
www.notesolution.com
Fruit punch is laced with potassium cyanide
913 people drink punch
276 children
Defining characteristics
1.Charismatic leader(s)
2.Leaders are self-appointed
3.The leader is the focus of veneration
4.Group culture tends toward totalitarianism
5. Group usually has 2 or more sets of ethics
6. Group presents itself as innovative and exclusive
7.Main goals: Recruitment & fundraising
Deindividuation
The state in which a person loses the sense of him or herself as an individual
Occurs:
In crowds
When physically anonymous
Group chanting or stomping
Outcomes
Its in these states of indiviudation that when people look, they are shocked and
disturbed by their actions
Social facilitation and social loafing
Effects of groups on individual performance
Created by an interaction of three factors:
Individual evaluation
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSYB10 LEC 11 Group processes Types of groups Differentiating elements of Nonsocial vs Social Groups: Interaction Interdependence Social Groups Groups have social norms to guide behaviour Groups have well-defined social roles Vary in level of group cohesiveness Social Norms The implicit or explicit rules of a group about the acceptable behaviours, values, and beliefs of its members Group members are expected to conform to these norms Members who deviate from norms are punished or rejected Social Roles Shared expectations about how particular group members should behave Potential costs: Individual personality may be taken over by power of role Violation of social roles meets with censure from other group members Group Cohesiveness The degree to which a group IS or IS PERCEIVED TO BE close knit and similar Promotes liking and ingroup favouritism Affects stereotyping of the group by outsiders Destructive Cults A group of great devotion to a personideathing that employs unethical techniques of manipulation or control Jim Jones and the peoples temple NOV 18 , 1978 Jones orchestrates mass suicide Compound in Ghana www.notesolution.com
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