PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Impression Formation
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Lec 7- social
Social interaction: back and forth exchange.
Field theory : behavior is a function of the person and the environment. (the situation they find
themselves in. behavior is who we are and the situation we are in. know the equation B= (P,E)
All you know about other people are their behaviors. all the factors Behavior, Person and
Environment can affect on each other.
General social interaction cycle: there is an actor (perceiver) and target.
The cycle can be generalized to as many people but it gets complicated.
Actor initiates interaction, and target is option of actors interest.
With impression formation, first point of interaction cycle. You walk in, then form and
impression of the situation. impressions can be quickly made. When you first encounter
someone you put together a host of ideas of who you think they are, having an influence on
how your gonna act with them.
Metaperception: a perception is when I perceive you. Metaperception is my ideas of what you
perceive about me. I put myself in your head to perceive what you are thinking about me.
-transparency overestimation: we assume people know more about you than you think. You
think they know your intentions. Ex: when you lie, you assume people know that you did and
why you did and it eats away at you. But your over estimating how much they know.
-spotlight effect: you walk into a room trip, do something embarrassing, then you can’t stop
thinking about it, so you assume that everyone is still thinking about your. Most of the time
people are not thinking about it anymore. People overestimate how much others think about
them in the spotlight. You think the behavior is more
Expectancy confirmation: tendency for people to favor information that confirms their
preconceptions or hypothesis regardless if the information is true. We seek what we already
Mimicry: ** read supplementary reading for exam
We mirror interaction partners behavior, and this is automatic and non conscious process.
Someone smiles to you you smile to them. We like those that mimic us.
It occurs because perceiving a behavior, makes it more likely to occur. The perception behavior
Self regulation: people who are good at self regulation are more liked by their peers and
perceived better. They get more reciprocal friend nominations, where you fill out a survey
about your friends. If you list someone will they list you. If you can regulate yourself,
Ex self regulate: if you stub your toe and kno that no one did it to u to hurt you so u remain
calm instead of yellin out. Cant self regulate if you stub your toe and lash out because of the
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