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PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Cult, Social Loafing, Group Cohesiveness

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Kevin Page

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Social lec 11
Social groups : members need to interact with one another and be interdependent.
Social norms: acceptable behaviors, beliefs values of society.
Social roles: how group members should behave. There are consequences to social roles. It may
take over the person’s personality so it can have an influence on the person.
Group cohesiveness: how groups appear to be close knit and similar. When we perceive a group
is cohesive it promotes liking and ingroup favoritism.
Destructive cult: employs unethical techniques for manipulation and control. The leader tends
to choose themselves. Its mostly about the leader even though they try and make it about
other things. A main goal is to recruit and fundraise. They wanna make their cult bigger to raise
more money.
Deindividuation: being in a group where you individuality is lost. State person loses sense of
him or herself which alters their behavior. This occurs in crowds such as mobs, or when are
anonymous like your wearing gear so no one knows who you are (kkk) or group chanting,
stomping. In these states ppl do these things, they are less likely to look back and be disgusted
with their behaviors.
Social facilitation: has to do with effects of groups on individual performance. Is the task easy
simple well learned, or complex. is being around ppl gonna improve your performance or
hinder it depending on individual evaluation, arousal and task complexity. People do better on
simple tasks when in the presence of other people. This implies when people are watchin you
you would do good on what you already know how to do. Ex: a good soccer player will play
excellent when people are watching.
Performance is improved when your doing a well learned dominant behavior in front of others.
It is more easy to do.
Performance is inhibited when your doing harder tasks or less practiced in front of others.
Social loafing: perform worse on simple tasks and better on complex tasks if they are in a group
and not being individually evaluated. Ex: in tug a war you don’t know who is tugging the hardest
and everyone tugs a lil less hard. The key is your not being individually evaluated.
People tend to have evaluation apprehension: which is the concern about being evaluated or
judged. When your nervous about a presentation, this is caused from the apprehension they
might think of you.
Extreme evaluation threat: where you get soo nervous about being judged that your body get
physiologically affected. where your body goes into threat mode. Its extreme where your
release cortisol which restricts blood vessels in the hippocampus.
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