PSYB10H3 Lecture Notes - Social Order, Social Contract, Dual Process Theory
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Social –lec 13
Kohlbergs stages of moral development
3 broad stages: preconventional, conventional, post conventional.
6 specific stages
1. Obedience and punishment orientation, all based around rewards and punishment, if I
steal the drug I could go to jail.
2. Self interest orientation, your moral reasoning would be on what’s best for me, I don’t
want my wife to die.
3. Interpersonal accord and conformity orientation, you do what you do based on
conforming with others and not wanting to disrupt the social fabric. You think its wrong
to steal the drug can get in trouble disrupt society
4. Authority and social order maintaining orientation, based on laws, I wouldn’t steal
because that’s illegal. Social order authorities are police. Basing morality on legal rules.
5. Social contract, we have a bond with other people and so you might say its not right to
steal the drug because he needs to make his own money too. or I will steal because he’s
suppose to help humanity.
6. Universal ethical principles, base your morality on your own set of ethics. Guided by
your own morality.
Feelings provide us with information that guide us towards making the right decisions.
Feelings as information: emotions used as making judgements.
Do I feel good about this?
Emotion based reasoning reduces most of the things you have to weight to come to a
Study: when they didn’t mention the weather peoples reports of life were relevant to how they
were feeling. When they asked the weather they were all feeling great about life.
There are 3 key moral emotions as response and for moral reasoning.
Disgust: elicited by violations of divinity. Purity and cleanliness
Anger: elicited by violations of autonomy. Individual rights and personal harm. We feel very
angry when someone is victim. No one should be harmed
Contempt: elicited by violations of community. Community and hierarchy.
Social intuitionist model: there are 2 steps of moral reasoning
1. Make your judgements based on emotional reaction
2. Try to come up with acceptable justification for that reaction.
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