PSYB21_March 22.docx

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31 Mar 2012
PSYB21 March 22, 2012
Future teachers need to know about children’s peer relations because:
- help know influences of childrens
- in general, high achieving students and low achieving students usually hang
out within each other
o high + high, low + low
- children with positive social skilss generally have little difficulty making
friends, but children wih poor social skills might be socially rejected
- children with positive social skills tend ot be more successful in school
- school is a place to practice social skills
Role of peers in development
- peer: A child of equal age or maturity
Peers provide:
- opportunity for play and exploring new roles
o ex. what is it like to be a leader, to try what others suggested
- opportunity for learning and practicing social skills
- emotional and social support
- information about behavioural norms and expectations
- opportunity to develop close relationships
- an important role in forstering school engagement, motivation, and
o kids who hang out together influence one another positively and
negatively and achieve similar academic levels
Popularity, rejection and neglect
- popular children tend to be friendly, helpful, good-natured, cooperative,
sensitive, do well in school, obey riles
- other rejected children may not be aggressive but may simply be
withdrawn and submissive
o peer rejection has been linked to academic difficulties and dropout
- some children are neither popular nor rejected but are neglected: shy,
socially withdrawn, and pretty much ignored
o children who are neglected tend to look less happy
- it is important for educators to know that schools now have a legal
responsibility to protect lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth from sexual
How can teachers enhance peer relations?
- very young children: through play
o in play kids learn to take perspectives, follow/lead, express emotions,
build relationships, solve conflicts
kinda takes on skills that they’ll take in real life
- elementary/secondary school: collaborative learning opportunities
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- neglected and rejected children may sometimes benefit from social skills
training program
Cooperative learning activities
- cooperative learning:
o everyone has a role in the group
o teaching students how to work together
o For cooperative learning activities to work well, there needs to be:
Interdependence and a shared goal
Individual and group accountability
Everyone is responsible for the work
Building interpersonal and small group skills
Teacher teaches how to work together
Group processes
If students are working for a long time together, teacher
stops midway to “check up” back on the group and
seeing how they are doing together
Are they doing what they’re suppose to do? , etc
- group work:
o already lerned sometime + working together
o more like put students into a group and just say “go”
- teachers must assign roles for people so there won’t be no “by-stander effect”
where if theres many people in the group no one will slack of and say “oh
that person can do it”
- Aggression is behaviour that is intentionally aimed at harming or injuring
another person
- Not all aggression is violent in nature
- Children who are aggressive in the early years tend to continue to be
o Last throughout life if children are not dealt with their aggression
- Childhood aggression is predictive of other behaviour problems, such as
poor academic achievement, peer pressure, drugs, alcohol, etc
Potential causes of aggression
- genes
- family backgrounds
o family living under stressful situations
- models of aggression
o modeling is really powerful
o can happen at a very short period of time (short exposure)
- difficulty processing social situations
- the media
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