Class Notes (922,431)
CA (542,813)
UTSC (32,897)
Psychology (8,020)
PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture 14

Lecture 14

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Lecture 14
Last Class -
Intrinsically motivated behaviour undertaken for interest, behaviours that when asked
why you have performed given behaviour your most intuitive response is because it was
fun
Needs & Need satisfaction –
Three basic psychological needs that are typical of the species – characterize experiential
of all individuals without regard to gender, race, culture, etc – not a product of
socialization forces they are constitutive of human nature and characterize what all people
need, include need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness
They are universal needs
Variables that come into play from self-determination point of view are variables related
to environmentwhat are social or contextual factors that assist or frustrate people in
pursuit of needs. Self determination theorist assumes need satisfaction cannot be taken for
granted – need to rely on environment to provide resources for our needs to be satisfied.
3 variables related to context that seem to contribute to satisfaction of needs and
personality growth:
Autonomy support – extent to which environment provides/offers choices, extent to which
initiation and innovation are encouraged and extent to which pressure to conform is
minimized – this is a condition that is supportive of autonomy, those supportive of
autonomy help individuals to feel autonomous
Degree of structure that is provided – structure refers to extent to which contingencies
between behaviours and outcomes are understandable. Well-structured environment
provides guidelines; to what extent is feedback related to performance given. Structure is
important for satisfaction of ones need of competence.
Degree of involvement that significant others show toward you in the context of question,
extent to others in the environment at hand express involvement – need for relatedness
will be met
Ideal context supplies autonomy support, provides clear set of choices, moderate degree
of structure and also involvement such that you realize other people are taking concern for
welfare and development.
These apply to wide variety of institutions and settings
Notion that we cant assume psychological needs will be met, we need to rely to some
extent on environment is an idea that self determination theorists have tried to put forward
for some time. Often made reference to the plant analogy – human growth and
development is not unlike growth and development of other living things. Psychological
needs behave in same way as plants, humans need to be supplied the experience of feeling
autonomous, competence and relatedness, without those experiences they will languish.
Idea that psychological integrity – health and mental status depend upon provision of
www.notesolution.com
psychological nutrients - when we feel these three things we grow and flourish -when
deprived we languish
We have ideal intrinsically motivated behaviours, one end of continuum there are intrinsic
motivations in our lives and then at other end there is other set of motivations – extrinsic,
things we do because of rewards/punishments attached to them.
Whole range of motivational states
The self is constructed in a way that we can take extrinsically motivations and bring them
into ourselves, they are made to be less controlling and to a greater extent to feel that the
behaviour is coming from inside, process known as
Internalization –psychological process of taking external regulation and bring it on the
inside of self so it becomes who you are.
Its a graded continuum – degrees to which something becomes internalized. At least 3
compelling levels of internalization
External regulations: things we do because we will be rewarded for doing them or
punished for not doing them. Not everything thats not fun that exists as external
regulation
Introjections: process through which external regulation becomes partly incorporated
inside of the self, but not completely. No longer doing something because there is external
reward or punishment but because there is internal reward/punishment, if you dont you
will feel guilty, worried, anxious, etc.
Identification: when we behave in such a way because some intrinsic contingency has
become fully internalized inside the self. Doing something because it is important. Just
because something is identified it doesnt mean youve rearranged whole self-concept.
Integration: highest form of internalization. Acting in accord with a fully internalized
extrinsic contingency which has now been unified with all other motivations and
regulations inside of self
Environmentally friendly behaviours, extrinsic or external regulation, do something
because you dont want to be socially sanctioned – do it to avoid social shame – undertake
recycling behaviour to a more internalized extent feeling guilty about not throwing
newspaper out – Introject, partially internalized. Identified level of internalization when it
comes to recycling behaviours – not feeling guilty but doing it because its right
Weather you are undertaking a behaviour because it is fun and intrinsically motivated or
whether you are taking it because it is important and you have internalized it either of
these occasions provide description for self-determination
Feeling of authenticity, when people are engaged in self-determined behaviour,
authenticity is feeling we attach to behaviours, behaviours we assume as actors full
responsibility. Authentic because we feel we are the authors of the behaviour – comes
with feeling of integrity and cohesion. To be self determining is to be authentic
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Description
Lecture 14 Last Class - Intrinsically motivated behaviour undertaken for interest, behaviours that when asked why you have performed given behaviour your most intuitive response is because it was fun Needs & Need satisfaction Three basic psychological needs that are typical of the species characterize experiential of all individuals without regard to gender, race, culture, etc not a product of socialization forces they are constitutive of human nature and characterize what all people need, include need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness They are universal needs Variables that come into play from self-determination point of view are variables related to environment what are social or contextual factors that assist or frustrate people in pursuit of needs. Self determination theorist assumes need satisfaction cannot be taken for granted need to rely on environment to provide resources for our needs to be satisfied. 3 variables related to context that seem to contribute to satisfaction of needs and personality growth: Autonomy support extent to which environment providesoffers choices, extent to which initiation and innovation are encouraged and extent to which pressure to conform is minimized this is a condition that is supportive of autonomy, those supportive of autonomy help individuals to feel autonomous Degree of structure that is provided structure refers to extent to which contingencies between behaviours and outcomes are understandable. Well-structured environment provides guidelines; to what extent is feedback related to performance given. Structure is important for satisfaction of ones need of competence. Degree of involvement that significant others show toward you in the context of question, extent to others in the environment at hand express involvement need for relatedness will be met Ideal context supplies autonomy support, provides clear set of choices, moderate degree of structure and also involvement such that you realize other people are taking concern for welfare and development. These apply to wide variety of institutions and settings Notion that we cant assume psychological needs will be met, we need to rely to some extent on environment is an idea that self determination theorists have tried to put forward for some time. Often made reference to the plant analogy human growth and development is not unlike growth and development of other living things. Psychological needs behave in same way as plants, humans need to be supplied the experience of feeling autonomous, competence and relatedness, without those experiences they will languish. Idea that psychological integrity health and mental status depend upon provision of www.notesolution.com
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