Myth and Narrative
Freud and all of his intellectual descendents play a central role on the deep unconscious
processes that exist inside us. By virtue of their focus on the deep subject of people,
unconscious drives, notion of ancestral collective unconscious, all of these suggest that
these are elements most suited to deepest level of personality description of narrative.
Freud offered bold outline of what personality may be, it was a structural, developmental
one. Goal with to provide grand unified theory on all human behaviour related to
He distinguished between the ego – executive, id – reservoir of libidinal energy and
source of primitive drives, and superego – not equal to conscious performs functions of
conscious with moral intention.
Dynamical distinction between conscious, pre conscious, and unconscious mind and that
there are some tensions that exist between these levels as anxiety producing thoughts are
suppressed from conscious into unconscious
Sequence of stages from oral-anal-phallic - genital – latency
Some things have changed between classical personality theory to contemporary
personality theory which is more limited in scope
A lot of what Freud wrote and thought that we can dismiss but he did introduce the
talking cure – psychotherapy, which has demonstrated its efficacy in treating a wide
variety of problems among patients.
Recognition of early important childhood experiences, anything that will involve
personality disorder you go to childhood. Idea that people are conflicted and ambivalent
is an important element of Freudian thinking, people are also highly defensive – healthy
respect of these principles is highly recommended
Critical ideas in Freudian psychoanalytic thought –
Basic instincts that underlie much of human behaviour, drives toward sex and aggression.
His early thinking was dedicated to idea of the libido – innate force that drives human
action. Later in thinking he complimented idea of libido with phanatos. To understand
human behaviour we would ultimately be referencing these drives toward sex and
Idea of defense mechanisms, repression being the first line of defense such as repression.
When ego is positioned to lose control over the id or the superego the experience of that