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Lecture 5

PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: C. Robert Cloninger, Status Attainment, Extraversion And Introversion


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier
Lecture
5

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PSYB30H3: Personality Psychology
Lecture 5: The Big Five
Marc A. Fournier
Outline of Today’s Lecture
The Five-Factor Model
Common Measures
NEO-PI-R (Costa & McCrae, 1992)
- Neo personality
BFI (John, Donahue, & Kentle, 1991)
- Big five inventory: cheaper version of neo
TIPI (Gosling, Renfrow, & Swann, 2003)
- Ten item personality instrument under BFI in 10 minutes
IPIP-NEO (Goldberg, Johnson, Eber, Hogan, Ashton, Cloninger, & Gough, 2006)
- International personality instrument pool
Traits
- Asses people on 5 personality traits
- Traits are continuous and represent continuous dimensions in which people don’t
have a trait or not
- Traits are comparative, given the scores that they receive
- Typically but not necessarily bi-polar meaning there is a pole at the end of the
continuum ex: introverted at one end to cruel at the other end extroverted
- Depression measure is uni polar b/c scores start at zero and move up
- Name the trait with only one end (but still talking about a dimension as a whole)
- * Five factors are mostly statistically independent from one another
Where you stand on any one trait tells you next to nothing compared to the
other 4 traits
Neuroticism: Facets & Correlates
- Facets: Anxiety, angry hostility, depression, self-consciousness, impulsive,
vulnerability
- Correlates: Somatic complaints and negative affect all the unpleasant emotions
and ability to predict negative affect
- Positive affect have no correlation with neuroticism b/c over long periods of time
the periods of frequency aren’t correlated
- Health complaints expression and experiences ex: sematic complaints such as
sneezing
Extraversion: Facets & Correlates
- Facets: warmth, gregariousness, assertiveness, activity, excitement seeking,
positive emotions
- Correlates: social dominance and positive affect
- Related to individual differences with the social world at large
- Predicts positive and not negative affects
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