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Chapter 1

Course Code
Oren Amitay

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Lecture 1
May 3 2010
x What is personality
x personality is no readily defined—no set idea of what personality is
x how do you determine he is narcissistic—his behavior
x can’t touch narcissism—it’s a construct
x What can you tell about the shirt--A fun character?
x is there a difference between someone who has a lot of fun/
or someone who needs to have a lot of fun and go
overboard and get's into trouble.
x What is a Theory
x A set of abstract concepts developed about a group of facts or events in
order to explain them
x A theory of personality is an organized system of beliefs that helps us to
understand human nature
x in order to have a theory of personality—it needs to have a
purpose—use the knowledge to help people (Not just
philosophizing in a coffee shop)--theoreticising without a goal is
x 2 approaches to Personality
x Academic—and Clinical
x FOR EXAM: Macro theory (Global)--trying to understand a person as a
x Micro theory—looks at a specific/ limited pieces of personality
x Micro= Academic—can’t look at everything—it would take forever,
so just looks at little pieces
x Macro=Clinical
Evaluation of Personality Theories
x As philiosophers, personality theorists seek to explore what it means to be a
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1. Psychology is a combination between Philosophy and science (the
research part)
x Scientists—personality theorists hope to develop a workable set of hypotheses
that will help us understand human behaviour
x Artist—personality theorists seek to apply what is known about people and
behaviour to foster a better life (use to help society)
Scientific Statements
x Shift in paradigm—when it comes to Alcoholism
2. Before it said that Alcoholics were alcoholics because they were weak
3. NOW—Alcohol is not about your personality it is a DISEASE
x Statement is based on empirical observations arising from currently accepted
x Empirical observations based on OBJECTIVE or SUBJECTIVE data
x Emotional IQ test (look at two women, who is happy?)—universal—likely
x Emotional IQ test (look at a picture and say how it makes you feel)—subjective—
each person gives different perspectives on what they think is happy (experience
affects it)
x Operational definition— (why did the kids think one picture was happier than the
1. State how you plan to measure a construct (construct is an idea—
something you can’t touch but you infer a lot of things about it based on
other things—Personality is a construct that we infer based on people’s
x Are extraverted people happier than introverted people
x Operational Definition (how will you measure it)—Ask people
x TAT—Thermatic appreseptive test
x Are extraverted people more flirtatious—Operational Definition:
Ask people if they are flirtatious—OR ask them to look at pictures
of people and tell what they are doing
x Do a test on someone and find out that they are extraverted, then
follow them around to see if they are flirting
1. Eye contact—could be an element, but you’ll get a lot of false
positive—just because they have eye contact doesn’t mean they are
2. Body language (leaning)
3. Communicating—(pick up lines)
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