PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Hazel Rose Markus, Ingratiation

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Lecture 5: The Self
William James: Two Perspectives on the Self
- The self is composed of our thoughts and beliefs about ourselves: “known” or “me”
o The feedback you get when you are doing something/ watching something
- The self is also the active processor of information: “knower” or “I
o The aspect of yourself that you become aware of when you are reflecting on yourself or
things
- In modern terms,
o known aspect is the self concept
o knower aspect as self-awareness.
- These two aspects of the self combine to create a coherent sense of identity:
o Self is both a book (me) full content collected over time, and the reader of that book (I)
Charles Horton Cooley: The Looking Glass Self
- Self can’t be understood in isolation--must be studied in interaction with others
- Self is not an inherent property of human nature, but a socially-constructed entity
- Concept of Self is not static but rather always changing based on your interactions/society
as a whole
- Sense of self is built upon seeing ourselves through the eyes of others the self that you think other
people see you as
Table 5.1 How we develop a sense of self: Important milestones in the development of self-concept,
self-esteem and social identity
- Physical self-awareness: there is me and not me
- Self-recognition: there are other people too
- The rouge test
- Theory of mind others have different/separate thoughts that what I do
- Self concept there are things that they know and that others do not/that they don’t
have to share certain thoughts with others
- Self-identity: an idea of who they are, engaging society's expectations as part of their self-
concept and a part of the self
Self-Concept
- All the beliefs people have about the self
- Network of ideas that Organizes and provides coherence for how we experience the self
- Provides sense of continuity
Development of Self-Concept
- Child’s self-concept is concrete, with observable characteristics
- Becomes more complex with age.
o more emphasis on psychological states (our thoughts and feelings), opinions of others
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Document Summary

The self is composed of our thoughts and beliefs about ourselves: known or me : the feedback you get when you are doing something/ watching something. The self is also the active processor of information: knower or i : the aspect of yourself that you become aware of when you are reflecting on yourself or things. In modern terms: known aspect is the self concept, knower aspect as self-awareness. These two aspects of the self combine to create a coherent sense of identity: self is both a book (me) full content collected over time, and the reader of that book (i) Self can"t be understood in isolation--must be studied in interaction with others. Self is not an inherent property of human nature, but a socially-constructed entity. Concept of self is not static but rather always changing based on your interactions/society as a whole.

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