PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Prenatal Hormones And Sexual Orientation, Sympathetic Nervous System, Casual Sex

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
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PSYB30 – Lecture 11 Purple Text – Profs Speech
Gender and Personality
Large Gender Differences
- In meta-analyses, the quality depends on the quality of other studies
- The results of meta-analysis viewed as results of one large study
- Physical attributes
- Occupational
o Men more technical jobs
o Women more people-oriented jobs
- Certain types of knowledge
o Men technical, sports, electronic
- Sexual behaviour
o Men masturbation, attitudes towards casual sex and number of partners in the
course of a lifetime
- Tender-mindedness (-)
o Facet of agreeableness
o Women score higher than men
- Some types of aggression
o Large difference between men and women in some types
Medium Gender Differences
- Aggression (peer, self, physical)
o As measured by peers and self
o Specifically physical aggression, as opposed to verbal aggression
- Attitudes toward sex when in committed relationship
o Men more towards free love
- Science knowledge
- Affection (-)
o Women show more affection
- Agreeableness (-)
o Women a little higher in agreeableness
- Conformity (-)
o As measured by Asch paradigm
o Short, medium, long line which are the same length?
- Emotional stability (-)
o Women - higher
- Desire for status, ambition in mate (-)
o Women greater desire
- Desire for attractive mate
o Men greater desire
Trivial Differences
- SE (over 23) self-esteem over the age of 23
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o Men are higher in self-esteem before 23, evens out after 23
- Extraversion: specifically activity, gregariousness
- Openness: idea generation
- Occupations: idea-data dimension
o Proportions of people who have generating idea side vs. data and numbers side
- Guilt, pride, anger
o Men are slightly more likely to experience
- Knowledge (lit, bus, arts)
o Very little difference between males and females
Gender differences: The Big 5 (table 11.5)
- Largest difference neuroticism
Aggression
- Depends on type, measurement, situation
- Types of aggression: physical, verbal, social
- Types of measurement: projective tests, peer-report, self-report, physical report,
observation
- In general, males more physically and verbally aggressive
- Girls: more relational and indirect aggression into adolescence
o Relational aggression: rejecting people, talking behind backs
- No difference when physically attacked, insulted, negatively evaluated
- Males are more aggressive when frustrated
Risk-Taking
- Men consistently take more risks than women
o i.e. in being part of experimental procedures, intellectual risks, risks pertaining to
physical skill
o more likely to take risks when it is not such a good idea
- Varies with type of risky behaviour
- Differences lessening between men and women over time
Gender Differences? It Depends...
- Empathy
o Self-report measures of feelings indicate female advantage
o Empathy accuracy experiments show few differences
It was thought that women feel greater empathy (self-report measures), but
accurate measures show few differences
- Emotions
o Women thought to be more expression, research shows no difference
o No physiological differences
o SR emotions conform to gender role expectations
Female: sadness, depression
Male: pride, confidence, excitement
o No single measure to measure emotion difficult to make comparisons
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Document Summary

In meta-analyses, the quality depends on the quality of other studies. The results of meta-analysis viewed as results of one large study. Occupational: men more technical jobs, women more people-oriented jobs. Certain types of knowledge: men technical, sports, electronic. Sexual behaviour: men masturbation, attitudes towards casual sex and number of partners in the course of a lifetime. Tender-mindedness (-: facet of agreeableness, women score higher than men. Some types of aggression: large difference between men and women in some types. Aggression (peer, self, physical: as measured by peers and self, specifically physical aggression, as opposed to verbal aggression. Attitudes toward sex when in committed relationship: men more towards free love. Affection (-: women show more affection. Agreeableness (-: women a little higher in agreeableness. Emotional stability (-: women - higher. Desire for status, ambition in mate (-: women greater desire. Desire for attractive mate: men greater desire.

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