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Lecture 8

PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Mena, Situation Two, Agreeableness

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Marc A Fournier

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Week 10: Lecture 9: March 11, 2015
Overview of Today’s Lecture: - Agency & Communion - The Interpersonal Circumplex -
Integrating Dispositions, Signatures, and the Interpersonal Domain
Dimensions of Human Existence: - Agency: o Focus on the self o Formation of separations o
Striving for expansion and elevation of self - Communion o Focus on others o Formation of
connections o Striving for contact and congregation with others. - Backin(?) - Metaconcepts
not intended to classified phenomena in the world, but they are used to categorized concepts that
are through theories Human Evolution: - “We are products of the evolutionary process” o
“Getting Along” • The Attachment System -> regulate communal relationships • Safety and
Proximity Maintenance • (Communion) o “Getting Ahead” • The Social Rank System •
Recognition & Use of Power • (Agency) Gender, Society, & Culture - “We are products of
socialization processes” o Femininity – Nurturance and Cooperation • The product of sex-
segregated play (“tea parties”) • Perpetuated by home-maker roles • (Communion) o Masculinity
Dominance and Competition • The product of sex-segregated play (“war games”) • Perpetuated
by wage-earner roles • (Agency)
Harry Stack Sullivan:
- Personality is the relatively enduring pattern of recurrent interpersonal situations which
characterize a human life” (1953)
- In contrast to Lewinian interactionism (1946), in which B=f(P,E), Sullivan conceptualized
behaviour interpersonally as a function of relationships; i.e., B=f(P1<->P2) [relationship bwt you
and another person]
- interactionalism theory: if you wanna understand a person, need know who they are, where
they are, their environments, and attributes
The Leary Legacy
Leary and colleagues search for a content description of normal and maladaptive
interpersonal behaviour (1950s)
- In verbs (actions) & adj (traits)
- In everyday & extreme behaviours
- 16 categorial segments (A P)
- Ordered into a circle
Sketch by Leary (c.1950)
- sketch on a napkin
The Leary Circle (1957)
- Love Hate
- Dominance and Submission
- distance from the origin = intensity, more extreme and more rare
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- behaviours in the same dimension is around the same strength
- 16 segments and 4/5 layers
The Wiggins Circumplex
- diagram
- interpersonal personality can be found around the circumference
- and are blend of the qualities adjacent to them
- if a behaviour that is interpersonal, have to be able to find it on the circle
- teasing and flirting would be hard to locate, complex of many bahaviours, however components
of those behaviours easy to find
- reason why it’s put into a circle, tells us how it relates to each other
- traits opposite sides of each other are inversely (/negatively) related to each other
- close to each other are positively related
- concepts that are separated by 90 degrees (@ right angles) are unrelated (uncorrelated) w/ each
Circumplex Properties
The ordering of behavioural categories is circular; i.e., it is without beginning or end
Behavioural categories at opposing ends of the circle represent behavioural contrast
and/or semantic opposites
Behavioural categories at right-angles to each other are statistically and theoretically
orthogonal (independent of each other)
Interpersonal Processes
- Every action tends to initiate, invite, or evoke a complementary response that leads to a
repetition of the original action
Reciprocity: vertical axis (?)
Correspondence: horizontal axis, what you give out, what you get back
- these are the two rules of complementarity
- limitations: uses terms we use in other contents
- some figure
- (E) & (A) appear in both NEO-PI-R & this
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