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Lecture 9

PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: How I Met Your Mother, Promiscuity, Record Linkage

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Marc A Fournier

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Week 11: Lecture 10: March 18, 2015
Erik Homburger Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development
Erik Homburger & Erik Erikson
The Outsider
The Wandering Artist
The Psychoanalyst
The American
- named himself (Erikson)
Fundamental Eriksonian Concepts
The Epigenetic Principle
- Favourable Balance
- two contrasting outcome, favourable balance bwt two extremes (e.g. trust &
mistrust) wanna find a healthy balance bwt the two happy medium
- Optimal Time
- an appropriate time in which task should be undertaken, can’t be hurried or
stalled, must do the best to work w/ challenge when presented
- Virtue
- psychosocial strength, failure to develop strength, will fall into one of the two contrast:
excess(maladaptive issue)/inefficacy
Triple Bookkeeping
- “the child and the society”
- Body
- physical and different stages of development we undergo w/ environment
- The Ego
- to represent the conscious understanding in capped with the world
- Family/ Society
- social and cultural expectations about what they should/shouldn’t be doing
Stage One
Infancy (0-1yrs)
- Issue: Trust vs. Mistrust
- whether mom will be there later
- whether needs will be meet
- Maladaptation: Sensory Distortion
- too much trust
- Malignancy: Withdrawal
- not enough trust
- depressed, paranoid, pyschotic
- Virtue: Hope
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first psychosocial experience, first one we develop
Stage Two
Toddlerhood (2-3yrs)
- Issue: Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt
- Maladaptation: Impulsivity
- excess, shameless willfulness, unrestrained will
- Malignancy: Compulsion
- perfectionism and self-doubt
- Virtue: Will
- belief in self efficacy, determination
Stage 3
Preschool Childhood (3-6yrs)
- Issue: Initiative vs Guilt
- Maladaption: Ruthlessness
- sociopath
- Malignancy: Inhibition
- developing values like nth ventured nth lost (better safe than sorry)
- Virtue: Purpose
- directed actions
Stage 4
School-Age Childhood (7-12yrs)
- Issue: Industry vs Inferiority
- Maladaptation: Narrow Virtuosity
- singled out, child actors, children aren’t allowed to be children, competing for
prizes generally meant for adults
- Malignancy: Inertia
- inferiority and avoidance of challenge,
- Virtue: Competence
- Freud: no stage beyond this point, Erikson goes on
Stage 5
Adolescence (13-18)
- Issue: Identity vs Role Confusion
- Maladaptation: Fanaticisim
- inability to live that ppl identity themselves diff from yourself
- ignoring all the ``questions``
- Malignancy: Repudiation
- Virtue: Fidelity
- what if questions, think back on childhood: who am I, how do I fit in,
- to develop capacity to live by society standards, to be loyal to society in spite of
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