Personality brings a several of sub-disciplines together. Goal of discipline is to
describe individual differences – how one is different from others. What are
there origins and consequences?
Where do differences in personality come from?
Grand theories of origins – nature of scientific theory and how it relates to
•Introduction: –The scientific study of the person
Freud – good scientific theory of personality
Personality traits tell us about people at first acquaintance – when you first
meet someone you start to learn about their personality traits – psychology of
the stranger – heritable, produced by environment, preserved over life course
Personality traits can be assessed in a short period of time – can predict a
wide range of outcomes such as – marriage, divorce, mortality, etc.
Personality traits are but an outline – a sketch of the individual. What is it
beyond personality traits that we need to know to fully understand a person?
We need to know what is on a persons mind – their motivations, life tasks,
- Even knowing persons motives, concerns, etc there is still more to know
about a person – what we know about a person when we know ourselves
Scientific theories and constructs – how they are related to each other and
related to the idea of hypotheses – what is desirable in a scientific theory of
Scientific theories can be reduced to a certain number of concepts, consist of –
Defined constructs that are linked by rules, which suggest
Set of interrelated statements about some phenomena in the world
Begins with systematic observation – a general idea of what you are seeing
Constructs are the explanatory variables we use as psychologists – an idea we
use to make sense of things we see in the world, constructs are often not
observable, intelligence is a construct.