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Personality Lecture 3

Course Code
Oren Amitay

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Lecture 3
Thematic Apperception Test
In the pictures: there was a multitude of possible stories—there is a reason
Need the history and other pieces of information
Take a lot of responses, repeated themes
When people see something that could have never been possible—usually means
the person bases reactions not on what happens but by their expectations.
Good for
oCan see how you perceive your environment
oCan see if you can identify human emotions
oSee your personality at the time
oAbility to plan ahead
Thinking critically about projective test
Incompetent/Unethical Examiners
Are themes/answers REAL or FANTASY…(Is someone really aggressive or do
they just have aggressive thoughts)—Do more tests?
In order to interpret someone’s background you need to know someone
background/current functioning
oTakes away relevance of the test—Using background to overly influence
the interpretation (Freud knew how someone was breastfed and how they
are right now—look for anything that connects the two)
oUse test to confirm what you already know about the person
oAn element of art to it—there is interpretations. (sometimes overly
interpret based on Psychologist’s experience)
oBut use knowledge of personality, of psychology knowledge of tests and
look at test already made—and create a story that accurately resembles the
person’s life and personality
oTo do it properly—You need a lot of training
oNorms/ Validity of coding—before in a lot of books, made a lot of
references to latent homosexuality. If you know how certain group of
people typically respond a certain way—and a person responds that way it
say that they might have something to do it
If the Projective test is invalid for this—then complain about
MMPI—took people who have certain disorders and compare them
to people who don’t have that specific disorder—and see how they
are different
oConvergent Validityseveral pieces of data give similar answers
Very important
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oSo Exner tried to standardize it.
oExner interprets that if you see a reflection VS two things
oNarcissists don’t have insight, focus on you needs and not others. Also
focus too much on your needs—but don’t look inwards to yourself as a
oPeople who are not narcissistic but are labelled as Narcissistic—but they
do focus on their own needs and not others—It means that their needs
were not sufficiently met.
oContent—One person says they see a guerrilla, next person sees a
cockroach—THEN one person sees a fairy Vs Freddy Cougar
These should be different, but guerrilla and cockroach to Exner
are the same thing—both get classified as animal
Fairy Vs Freddy Cougar get classified as H)-which is people that
don’t exist
Problem with Exner system robs examiner of the richness of the
different context—Piranha Vs Goldfish—Exner just sees animal,
not even fish
Carl Jung
He had a lonely childhood and experienced fainting spells during childhood
oDid he have childhood psychosis
RED BOOK 1914when he split with Freud at the age of 38,he had mid-life
crises. A full blown Psychosis. The book is what he wrote while in Psychosis
Freud worked with neurotics in a small clinic—Jung worked with a lot of
psychotics in a MENTAL HOSPITAL
oThe kind of people who a psychologist’s works with affects the theory
they come across.
Patient talked about the sun being origin of the sun—Jung read the same thing in
Greek myths—the patient wasn’t a
Jung didn’t think the parts of the unconscious as in conflict—Jung wanted to see
how the relate to each other UNITY
Thought Libido was any kind of energy.
The biggest departure of Jung from Freud
oEgo (consciousness)
oPersonal unconscious (what we have repressed)
oCollective unconscious (what all of humanity share)
oJung—came up with complexes,
Schema of universal things (mother complex, father complex)
Help us see the world how we see ourselves
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