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Lecture

Personality Lecture 5


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Oren Amitay

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USING THIS COURSE FOR YOUR OWN BENEFIT
Apply what you learn to YOURSELF and others
Become CRITICAL THINKERS
Rise above emotions and IRRATIONALITY
oE.g. Narcissism/ Entitlement
oThe MOST IMPORTANT criterion for evaluating the merit of a
philosophical assumption/statement--COMPELLINGNESS
oWhen he talked about our generation—if you did not find it compelling—
THE AVERAGE person will say it hurt them
ANNA FREUD
Her father’s intellectual heir, became eminent psychoanalyst and international
authority in her own right.
Emphasized the role of the ego, giving it greater autonomy
Extended psychoanalysis to the study of children (Freud never worked with
children)
Identified developmental line in which children decrease on external controls and
increase EGO MASTERY
oLooked much more at the ego
oWanted to see the conscious elements of us and the development of the
ego (ego mastery)
Expanded on father’s defence mechanisms
IDENTIFYING WITH THE AGGRESSOR
oReal life—Stockholm syndrome
Hostages are tied up beaten they think they are going to die—You
start to sympathise/emphasize with the aggressor
oAnna Freud—looked at it in children
Children feel guilty about things/parents finding it out—so the
child starts acting out the parent’s rage
Identifying with the aggressor is a Defence Mechanism—needed
to reduce anxiety
oPeople that have been sexually assaulted
When they are first sexually abused—they did not have any control
When they have a relationship later on—they ask for abuse
because by being in a situation where they are demanding it—they
feel in control.
A healthy way of reprocessing their terrifying situation
o“THE IRRATIONAL ALWAYS HAS A RATIONAL
EXPLANATION
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client has crazy experiences and doesn’t know why they react that
way
what someone does in their life—you can always understand if you
know their past experiences and how they react to them
ERIC ERIKSON
Wanted to understand ego—Has Psychosocial stages
Erikson thought that when children wanted to be with their mother—the child
wants to bond with her (not what Freud thought)
Erikson thought that personality changes until death (Freud thought your
personality was set at life)—extended concept of development to embrace entire
lifespan
Looked at the impact of culture, society and history on development of
personality—not just your history—but the context that you were born in. Your
cohort?
Our generation is developing certain norms
oEntitlement
oNarcissim—opposite of one of Erikson’s stage—“Generativity Vs
Stagnation
Can make something of yourself.
Actually care about others—and feel compelled to do something
good for others.--GENERATIVITY
Erikson says that when we are older and we are healthy and we
were well raised—we should at some point feel we should care
about others (children, neighbours)
PSYCHOHISTORIES—Looked at famous figures and try to understand how
they became who they were as a function of what they experienced—personal
lives or culture around them
(TELEVISION VIEWING)
oMore now than ever—young children are exposed to information without
having a parent to filter it—it is now the child’s NORMS.
oBefore TV had no impact because parents were explaining it.
DAN MCADAMS
We are the only animals that have a culture and we learn it through stories, books,
televisions, parent’s sayings
Suggests that each of us develops identity by constructing a conscious and
unconscious NARRATIVE OF THE SELF
Focuses on the sense that we try to make of our life stories
oWho are we in terms our friends, school, world
www.notesolution.com
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