Class Notes (923,814)
CA (543,272)
UTSC (33,027)
Psychology (8,051)
PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

Personality Lecture 5

6 Pages
49 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Oren Amitay

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Lecture 6
CH 8: Experimental Analysis of Behaviour: John Dollard and Neal Miller, B.F. Skinner
Step back and ask what is compelling about behaviourism
Important thing about behaviourism is that it is something that can be
observed/measured
All the behaviour and learning experiments were done on animals (rats, pigeons,
cats)
Behaviourists loved it because they could easily take an animal have theories of
how the animal should behave—put them in an experiment and test to see if they
act the way it was predicted—GOOD SCIENCE?
Behaviourist—did real science, predict, observe, measure
PROBLEM—just because rat acts a certain way, will humans act that way?
What can you say about someone who prefers to think of human beings through
behaviourism—Some thing about your personality?
Behaviour and Learning Theories
Behaviour and learning theorists emphasize experience and learning as the
primary forces that shape human behaviour
Explore personality experimentally by studying behaviour in laboratory settings
Dollard and Miller—psychoanalytic learning theory
oWanted to take Freudian concepts and put a behaviourist spin on them
oThey were EMPIRICISTS—believed that all knowledge comes from
experience, we’re not born with anything—we are blank slates (Tabula
Rasa)
Skinner—radical behaviourism
JOHN B. WATSON
Watson was one of the biggest names in behaviourism
Forced out of academia—because he was cheating on his wife
No ethics boards at his time—What kind of man would do what he did (Baby
Albert)
Why was there so much mix up about Baby Albert
oWatson kept changing this story
oTextbooks love behaviourism (Textbooks hated Freud)—had an agenda
So many theories on learning originated from exaggerations of
what happened to baby Albert
Wanted to show that Albert was conditioned to one thing and
GENERALIZED to other things
www.notesolution.com
oBaby Albert didn’t generalize to other things—he was conditioned to fear
other things
oAlbert wasn’t terrified of the rat after several trials (wasn’t phobic of rats)
—CBT is used now to remove
oWatson did not recondition the child to not be afraid of the rat because he
said he was going but the mother came unexpectedly and took the baby
away during the night.
Watson wrote parenting books, said not to give children
Watson went into advertising (was making $700,000)
oSaid people are stupid—just associate good things with what your selling
Classical Conditioning
AVERSIVE CONDITIONING
Example One
Hot person—get a positive response
Cars—make you yawn
Pair up the car and hot person—get a positive response
Why do dogs drool—collected saliva helps digest
Why do you get a response when you see someone attractive—you need a natural
response to reproduce—getting ready
Example two
Unconditioned Stimulus—boiling water
Unconditioned Response—Jump Back
Neutral Stimulus—Noise (Cahooga)
When noise is continually paired with boiling water—Noise becomes a
WARNING for the boiling water
Then you begin to pay attention to the Noise—it’s no longer neutral—it is a
CONDITIONED STIMULUS
Now if you jump back to the noise—it is a CONDITIONED RESPONSE
This is called AVERSIVE CONDITIONINGtells you to stay away from
something
oBiological responses that help us survive
oWe learn it faster than other types of conditioning
oLast longer than other types of conditioning
oEven after the US is gone—we still react to the CS
US
(Boiling Water)
UR
(Jumping Back)
US
(Boiling Water)
NS
(Noise)
UR
(Jumping Back)
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Lecture 6 CH 8: Experimental Analysis of Behaviour: John Dollard and Neal Miller, B.F. Skinner Step back and ask what is compelling about behaviourism Important thing about behaviourism is that it is something that can be observedmeasured All the behaviour and learning experiments were done on animals (rats, pigeons, cats) Behaviourists loved it because they could easily take an animal have theories of how the animal should behaveput them in an experiment and test to see if they act the way it was predictedGOOD SCIENCE? Behaviouristdid real science, predict, observe, measure PROBLEMjust because rat acts a certain way, will humans act that way? What can you say about someone who prefers to think of human beings through behaviourismSome thing about your personality? Behaviour and Learning Theories Behaviour and learning theorists emphasize experience and learning as the primary forces that shape human behaviour Explore personality experimentally by studying behaviour in laboratory settings Dollard and Millerpsychoanalytic learning theory o Wanted to take Freudian concepts and put a behaviourist spin on them o They were EMPIRICISTSbelieved that all knowledge comes from experience, were not born with anythingwe are blank slates (Tabula Rasa) Skinnerradical behaviourism JOHN B. WATSON Watson was one of the biggest names in behaviourism Forced out of academiabecause he was cheating on his wife No ethics boards at his timeWhat kind of man would do what he did (Baby Albert) Why was there so much mix up about Baby Albert o Watson kept changing this story o Textbooks love behaviourism (Textbooks hated Freud)had an agenda So many theories on learning originated from exaggerations of what happened to baby Albert Wanted to show that Albert was conditioned to one thing and GENERALIZED to other things www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit