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Lecture 11

Personality Lecture 11


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Oren Amitay
Lecture
11

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Lecture 11
CHAPTERS 14 15 AND 16, NO PSYCHOTHERAPY—NO PHILOSOPHY,
ART, SCIENCE
SUPPORTIVE Vs RECONSTRUCTIVE,
oRECONSTRUCTIVE—You can change someone’s personality, how they
function
oSUPPORTIVE—You’re just there for them.—BETTER, GIVE THEM A
CHANCE TO SPEAK. Listen to them, then rephrase—REFLECTIVE
LISTENING.
Philosophy, Science,
and Art: Rogers’s Theory
Careful to distinguish between philosophical assumptions and his scientific hypotheses
Emphasis on subjectivity and the individual’s internal frame of reference made scientific
research difficult
Major criticism of Rogers’s position is that based on simplistic concept of
phenomenology
View of development and actualization of self may be highly culture-bound
POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Seeks to study and understand the complex positive behavior of people in order to
emphasize the systematic building and amplifying of human strengths and virtues
Research topics include
Positive experience
Positive personality
Positive social context
NOT TRANSPERSONAL PSYCHOLOGY
CHAPTER 14
Rollo May
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The Existential Attitude
Existentialism emphasizes existence rather than essence (unchanging laws or principles
that govern existence).
No truth or reality except as we participate in it.
Knowledge is an act of doing.
Seek to study the structure of human existence and to look at the unity of the person prior
to any split into subject and object.
Our Predicament
Central problem we face is a feeling of powerlessness
Anxiety = apprehension cued off by a threat to an essential value
Intensified in contemporary culture by sense of isolation and alienation
Loss of values = we need to discover and affirm a new set of values in our postmodern
world
ALL NEW TECHNOLOGY HAS THE POWER TO CONNECT IT TO OTHERS,
BUT IT HAS CAUSED ISOLATION. —ONLY GOT WORSE SINCE ROLLO
MAY.
What humans have that no other animals know, our conscious—We know that we are
going to die.
Rediscover Selfhood
Consciousness of self is unique mark of humanity
Ontological assumptions
All loving organisms are centered on themselves and seek to preserve that center
They can go out from centeredness to participate with other people
Sickness is a means of preserving one’s being
We can engage in a level of self-consciousness that allows us to transcend the
present and consider alternatives
WE ARE NOT LOOKING AT HEROS TO ASPIRE TO, BUT WE PEER INTO
THE LIVES OF CELEBRITIES.
Need myths to give life meaning—2 Possible NEW MYTHS, Equality between
women and men. A global community without borders.
CHAPTER 15
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