PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Agreeableness, Harry Stack Sullivan, Timothy Leary
ProfessorMarc A Fournier
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Lecture 9 - March 11!
David Bakans Agency - Focus on the self, formation of separations between self and other
people, striving for expansion and elevation of self above others. !
David Bakens Communion - Focus on others, formation of connections between self and others,
striving for contact and congregate with others.!
Agency and communion are metaconcepts - they are used to categorize concepts found across
a variety of theories!
We are products of the evolutionary process !
Getting along - the attachment system regulates safety and proximity maintenance. It is a
communal system. !
Getting ahead - the social rank system shows recognition and the use of power. It is an agency
We are products of socialization processes!
Femininity - nurturance and cooperation. The product of sex segregated play (tea parties)
perpetuated by home maker roles. It is a communal system!
Masculinity - dominance and competition. The product of sex segregated play (war games)
perpetuated by wage earner roles. It is an agency system. !
Interpersonalism - Harry Stack Sullivan!
Personality is the relatively enduring pattern of recurrent interpersonal situations which
characterize a human life. He believes that we have no meaningful self without the people
surrounding us. !
In contrast to Lewinian interactionism, in which B = f(P,E), Sullivan conceptualized behaviour
interpersonally as a function of relationships i.e. B = f(P1<—>P2)!
Timothy Leary - search for a content description of normal and maladaptive interpersonal
-in verbs (actions) and adjectives (traits)!
-in everyday and extreme behaviours!
-16 categorical segments (A-P)!
-ordered into a circle. The further away you get from the centre, the more rare the
interpersonal behaviour. ex; in the dominant segment, close is the ability to give orders, the
outer region is the ability to be a dictator.!
-Dominance and nurturance are orthogonal so you can not determine one from the other.!
-the ordering of behavioural categories is circular without a beginning or end!
-behavioral categories at opposing ends of the circle represent behavioural contrasts and/or
-behavioral categories at right angles to each other are statistically and theoretically
orthogonal. You can’t derive one from the other. !
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