PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Learned Helplessness, Behavioural Genetics, Personality Psychology

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11 Dec 2015
Personality Psychology Introduction
Personality Dened
An organized and relatively enduring set of psychological traits and
mechanisms that inuences a person’s interactions with, and
adaptations to, the environment.
Main Issues of Interest
What is basic nature of people?
Is human beh. internally or externally determined?
How consistent is personality?
Do we have control over internal states and behaviour?
Is present and future behaviour determined by past behavior?
How adaptive (positive) are certain aspects of personality?
How do our personalities help us to adjust to the environment?
Areas of Interest and Research
Originally, psychologists sought to understand the whole of personality
(see “grand theories of personality”)
Modern work usu within one of a number of sub-areas or domains
Building Blocks” of Personality
Self and Identity
Regulatory and motivational
Social and Cultural
Trait / Dispositional
Ways in which individuals di5er
Focus on number and nature of fundamental traits
Identify and measure most important ways individuals di5er
Origin and development of individual di5erences
Interaction btw trait and situations
Biological Domain
Physical elements and biological systems that inuence or are inuenced by
behaviours, thoughts, feelings
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