PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Learned Helplessness, Behavioural Genetics, Personality Psychology
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Personality Psychology Introduction
●An organized and relatively enduring set of psychological traits and
mechanisms that inuences a person’s interactions with, and
adaptations to, the environment.
Main Issues of Interest
●What is basic nature of people?
●Is human beh. internally or externally determined?
●How consistent is personality?
●Do we have control over internal states and behaviour?
●Is present and future behaviour determined by past behavior?
●How adaptive (positive) are certain aspects of personality?
●How do our personalities help us to adjust to the environment?
Areas of Interest and Research
●Originally, psychologists sought to understand the whole of personality
(see “grand theories of personality”)
●Modern work usu within one of a number of sub-areas or domains
“Building Blocks” of Personality
●Self and Identity
●Regulatory and motivational
●Social and Cultural
Trait / Dispositional
●Ways in which individuals di5er
●Focus on number and nature of fundamental traits
●Identify and measure most important ways individuals di5er
●Origin and development of individual di5erences
●Interaction btw trait and situations
Physical elements and biological systems that inuence or are inuenced by
behaviours, thoughts, feelings