PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Thematic Apperception Test, Criterion Validity, Pollination Syndrome
ProfessorMarc A Fournier
Psyb30 Lec 8 Motivation
Level 1 personality – broad characteristic traits
Level 2 – social motives life goals etc. characteristic adaptations
Personality traits – How?
Motives – Why?
McClelland – Motivation is a recurrent preference of readiness for a particulat
quality of experiencem which energizes, directs, and selects behavior in certain
Individual differences in needs – Not need for water, but need for chocolate.
These needs are a filter/lens of how people see the world. Helps to shape and
organize certain behaviors.
Social motives (implicit) not same as conscious intention
TAT (Thematic Apperception Test) “Projective Test” – Story content reveals the
underlying needs, conflicts, and complexes that the subjects ‘project’ onto the
Arousal condition and control condition.
TAT – Poor reliability – responses across cards don’t correlate well
Poor criterion validity – do results show what it is supposed to show
Poor convergent validity – between self report and TAT
Achievement Motivation (n Ach) – Recurrent concerns with doing things better and
with surpassing standards of excellence.
N Ach – correlated with entrepreneurship, success in business.
They cant delegate work to other people. Never reach level 4 – manager
N Pow – recurrent concerns with having impact, control, or influence on another
person, group or the world at large. ‘No press is bad press’
Power motivated people were drawn to the military, church, or politics.
If I cant be in the news, I want to tell the news.
N Affiliation – Recurrent concerns with establishing, maintaining or restoring a
positive affective relationship with another person o r groups of persons.
N Intimacy – Recurrent concerns with experiencing warmth and closeness in
Intimacy – emotional closeness.
Channeling hypothesis – Our traits channel the expression of our motives.
Traits and social motives interact in the prediction of behavior and life outcomes.
Mills and Radcliffe data shows that the relationship between volunteerism and
affiliation depends on extro and introverts.