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PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

Myth and Narrative

12 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30: Personality
Professor Marc A. Fournier
Week 11: Myth & Narrative
Overview of Week 11 Lectures:
Part I. Sigmund Freud
Part II. Alfred Adler (Freuds prominent student)
Part III. Carl Jung (another student of Freud)
-Freud and all of his intellectual decedents place such a central role in
the deep unconscious processes that exist within us
-a complex understanding with what goes on in a person
Overview of Part I:
Freuds Psychoanalysis
Latent & Manifest
Compromise Formation
a superficial compromise between factions and parties conflict
deep within the psyche
Dreams, Symptoms, & Parapraxes
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939):
*Freud outlined a very bold and comprehensive outline with personality
*Goal: was too provide a grand unifying theory of all personality and human
behaviour
Freud provided the first (and perhaps only) comprehensive theory of
personality:
Structure (id—egosuperego)
Dynamics (conscious vs. unconscious)
there are some tensions that exist between these levels
as anxiety provoking urges are suppressed deep within the
unconscious
Development (oralanalphallic—latency—genital)
each involved the organization of the libido around a specific
erogenous zone
*We should now have a good understanding how modest personality theorists
ambitions are
*Classic personality theories strive to explain all of human behaviour and individual
differences/ compared to contemporary personality theories which tends to be much
more limited in scope
Freud introduced the talking cure (psychotherapy), and many (if not all) of
his ideas are still widely accepted and used by clinicians today; e.g.,
every clinician today incorporates some Freudian ideas in his/her thinking
and practice
The importance/recognition of early childhood experiences
specifically how attachment theories play out in adults
Internal conflicts and anxiety
1
www.notesolution.com
PSYB30: Personality
Professor Marc A. Fournier
important element of Freudian therapy
Ego defenses
even when people come to you looking for help (as a clinician)
they will have defenses- regardless of your best intentions
a healthy respect for these principals is highly recommended
Fundamental Concepts:
Basic Instincts: Sex & Aggression
-these underline much of human behaviour
-early thinking to the dedication of the libido (innate life preserving
force that drives human action)
-Eros and Thanatos- innate instinctual drives between sex and
aggression
Defense Mechanisms
-Regression being the first line of defense- that which is intolerable to
the self we simply push out of awareness
-but when defense mechanisms like repression fail there is a whole suit
of secondary defense mechanisms that we can call on
-we all have a preferred defense mechanism
-we all have a set of defense mechanisms that we all rely on to protect
ourselves from anxiety
Anxiety
-the core aspect relating to the conflicts in the varies structural
elements in the psyche
-when the ego is loosing control over the id or the superego the
experience of anxiety is felt
Text & Subtext: things are never as they seem
Manifest Content (Text)
The surface or conscious level of experience
e.g., the dream that you remember having
the appearance of it thoughts that are currently going through your
mind
all have a surface appearance
What you can see. feel, think and actually recall
manifest material is not only determined- but over determined
Latent Content (Subtext)
The hidden or unconscious level of experience
e.g., the underlying meaning of the dream
Freud argues that a true understand of the human condition
recognizes that manifest immerges out of a great hoard of competing
latent material
latent material gives rise to the manifest material (determines the
manifest stuff)
all things are competing to find expression in your behaviour
2
www.notesolution.com
PSYB30: Personality
Professor Marc A. Fournier
Treaty & Compromise:
Much of human behavior serves as a kind of treaty, or a compromise among
conflicting forces; i.e., the ids instincts and the superegos censure
Treaty = a compromise among conflicting behaviours (competing elements
inside of us)
Everyday examples:
Dreams
Neurotic symptoms: psychiatric symptoms
Parapraxes (slips of the tongue) between two things that are
incompatible
ex. when the king was stuttering in the movie
in each of these regular everyday behaviours, are all indication
of what Freud thought to be ways of compromises that we find
between the unconscious forces inside of us and what our
conscious mind will allow us to experience
Dream Work: dreams are the royal road to the unconscious
Dreams are the product of dream work- from latent material to manifest material
(Movement from latent to manifest level)
The spontaneous and unconscious process of manifesting a dream,
accomplished via:
Condensation (Compression): the omission or compression of
multiple latent elements into a
single manifest image or theme
Displacement (Substitution) : a shift in emphasis or a substitution
of a important or threatening source with a
trivial or safer one
taking something out in your dream and replacing it with
something that is less threatening
another common practice
example holding a riffle in your dream and replacing it was a
guitar
Symbolic Representation : the more basic of the four processes
the conversion of abstract ideas, wishes or urges into concrete
images
things are not as they seem in your dreams they symbolize
something else
the symbol is less distressing then what the dream actually
means
Secondary Revision: a process that organizes all of these symbols
into a coherent narrative from all of the
scattered dream elements
a process through which we smooth over the rough spots, fill in
the gaps clear in ambiguity and edit for congruity
3
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSYB30: Personality Professor Marc A. Fournier Week 11: Myth & Narrative Overview of Week 11 Lectures: Part I. Sigmund Freud Part II. Alfred Adler (Freuds prominent student) Part III. Carl Jung (another student of Freud) - Freud and all of his intellectual decedents place such a central role in the deep unconscious processesthat exist within us - a complex understanding with what goeson in a person Overview of Part I: Freuds Psychoanalysis Latent & Manifest Compromise Formation a superficial compromise between factions and parties conflict deep within the psyche Dreams, Symptoms, & Parapraxes Sigmund Freud (1856-1939): *Freud outlined a very bold and comprehensive outline with personality *Goal: was too provide a grand unifying theory of all personality and human behaviour Freud provided the first (and perhaps only) comprehensive theory of personality: Structure (idegosuperego) Dynamics (conscious vs. unconscious) there are some tensions that exist between these levels as anxiety provoking urges are suppressed deep within the unconscious Development (oralanalphalliclatencygenital) each involved the organization of the libido around a specific erogenous zone *We should now have a good understanding how modest personality theorists ambitions are *Classic personality theories strive to explain all of human behaviour and individual differences compared to contemporary personality theories which tends to be much more limited in scope Freud introduced the talking cure (psychotherapy), and many (if not all) of his ideas are still widely accepted and used by clinicians today; e.g., every clinician today incorporates some Freudian ideas in hisher thinking and practice The importancerecognition of early childhood experiences specifically how attachment theories play out in adults Internal conflicts and anxiety 1 www.notesolution.com PSYB30: Personality Professor Marc A. Fournier important element of Freudian therapy Ego defenses even when people come to you looking for help (as a clinician) they will have defenses- regardless of your best intentions a healthy respect for these principals is highly recommended Fundamental Concepts: Basic Instincts: Sex & Aggression - these underline much of human behaviour - early thinking to the dedication of the libido (innate life preserving force that drives human action) - Eros and Thanatos- innate instinctual drives between sex and aggression Defense Mechanisms - Regression being the first line of defense- that which is intolerable to the self we simply push out of awareness - but when defense mechanisms like repression fail there is a whole suit of secondary defense mechanisms that we can call on - we all have a preferred defense mechanism - we all have a set of defense mechanisms that we all rely on to protect ourselves from anxiety Anxiety - the core aspect relating to the conflicts in the varies structural elements in the psyche - when the egois loosing control over the id or the superego the experience of anxiety is felt Text & Subtext: things are never as they seem Manifest Content (Text) The surface or conscious level of experience e.g., the dream that you remember having the appearance of it thoughts that are currently going through your mind all have a surface appearance What you can see. feel, think and actually recall manifest material is not only determined- but over determined Latent Content (Subtext) The hidden or unconscious level of experience e.g., the underlying meaning of the dream Freud argues that a true understand of the human condition recognizes that manifest immerges out of a great hoard of competing latent material latent material gives rise to the manifest material (determines the manifest stuff) all things are competing to find expression in your behaviour 2 www.notesolution.com
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