Class Notes (905,370)
CA (538,413)
UTSC (32,636)
Psychology (7,991)
PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

Lecture notes

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Humanism
-Third organizing force in north A merican psychology
-We are the products of our learning histor ies
-Humans are essentially good and intrinsically on a positive development trajector y
-Carl Rogers
otrained as a psychotherapist
oTo know how to make people better you have to know how things go wrong
oWe all have this intuitive structure that tell us whether or not the choices were
making are right or wrong
-FFA – fully functioning person
oFree of the need to extensively distor t their experiences and are able to think
attentively, non-defensive
oAbility to trust their inner intuitions
oGo with their gut...
-Reflection
oWhen a councillor accurately expresses a clients feelings or words
-Client-centred therapy
oThe client finds in the councillor a genuine alter ego in an operational and
technical sense; the councillor is giving up his or her own identity except for the
one striving to understand
-Peak experiences
-DC experiment – classic study
oNoxious role that rewards play in the regulation of behaviour
oGot people to come in and play a game called SOMA – same appeal as r ubix cube
oTwo experimental conditions
oIn both conditions people would be asked to solve these SOMA puzzles – you are
shown a picture and arrange the puzzle to look like the picture
oIn one condition every time you solve a puzzle you get a dollar
oIn other condition there is no reward
oPaid condition people solved more puzzles
oWhat happens when people are left alone and people are given the freedom to
choose what they want to do
oThose participants that had been paid were less likely to continue playing with the
soma puzzle in the free choice period
oDCs interpretation that the imposition of a monetary reward spoiled the intrinsic
motivation that the subjects had to work on the puzzles for their own sake
o
3 contextual factors related to the context that relate to the psycholog ical needs
-Autonomy suppor t – pressure to perform is minimized, environment can differ, how much
initiation they encourage
-Structure – if you behave a certain way, what will follow, a well structured environment
provides clear guidelines, feedback, structure is important for competence
-Relatedness
Growth and well being
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Description
Humanism - Third organizing force in north American psychology - We are the products of our learning histories - Humans are essentially good and intrinsically on a positive development trajectory - Carl Rogers o trained as a psychotherapist o To know how to make people better you have to know how things go wrong o We all have this intuitive structure that tell us whether or not the choices were making are right or wrong - FFA fully functioning person o Free of the need to extensively distort their experiences and are able to think attentively, non-defensive o Ability to trust their inner intuitions o Go with their gut... - Reflection o When a councillor accurately expresses a clients feelings or words - Client-centred therapy o The client finds in the councillor a genuine alter ego in an operational and technical sense; the councillor is giving up his or her own identity except for the one striving to understand - Peak experiences - DC experiment classic study o Noxious role that rewards play in the regulation of behaviour o Got people to come in and play a game called SOMA same appeal as rubix cube
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