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Lecture

PSYB30H3 Lecture Notes - Sage Gateshead


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Week 10 Lec 17- Life Stories
-Book called The life of Pie Dion Martel. Commentary on storytelling; first part Pie is a boy
in India of son of zookeeper, his development and discovers God. Second; moves to India
from Canada by boat the boat sinks though and he survives with animals. Final end, reflect
that accounts may not be true, maybe worse. Illustrates between narrative and historical
truth as well as the role it plays in psychological healing.
This is the finial tear; first is personality traits(knowing someone as an acquaintance) Next
level characteristic adaptations of traits into the world. Final, to truly understand a person
you need to view the persons life story, all attributes are organized and have meaning.
Dimensions of human existence : Agency vs Communion. Bakn s theory was use by
Mcadams, argued that there are two fundamental themes in everything that is human:
Agency: concern the self, formation of self vs other world. The striving of the self to expand,
grow and differentiate. Refects itself in dominance etc.
Communioun: concern the focus on others, formation of connections, contact and
congregation with others. BOTH ARE IN ALL THEoRIES OF PERSONALITY
Tone of LS in Infancy:
Early infant-caregiver attachments serve to organize our experiences of trust vs. mistrust;
can one look to the world and address the need s of the child or is world uncertain with
insig. Care. And tone is said to be set. From this stage attainment of Erik EriksonsHope:
The enduring belief in the attainability of fervent wishes This early orientation set the
tone for life story: optimistic or pessimistic tone(comedy & romance) Pessimistic stories
(tragedy & irony) outlooks happy endings Whether you believe your wishes can be
attained.
Tone of LS in Early childhood
The nursery school child is busy acquiring a stockpile of rich, emotionally laden images
from family, school, the media, etc. These become the building blocks of life story. These
images that you are exposed to as you grow up. All of us at this age are acquiring this that
we make use of as we grow up and create life story. Culturally grounded or sanctioned
images provide raw material for later life-story development
Later Childhood themes:
Now that we are storytellers, we can now reason in story terms and understand the
internal logic of a story. The elementary school child is able to organize human intentions
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into coherent stories with beginnings, middles, & endings and can recognize when the order
is flawed/
As accounts of human intentions unfold in stories for example(TAT; themes in stories show
intensions and motivations in individual), stories tell what the characters are striving for.
Characters is stories want and show themes of separation & mastery (agency) or themes of
union & solidarity (communion)
ADOLESENCE and Life stories: the setting is set (not geographical but ideological) By
adolescence we see individual srtrive to come to terms with own ideologies. Questions with
moral and what is good and true. They are trying to develop belief system for self of values
and beliefs. Ideology is an internally consitant and logical values and beliefs NOT a life
story. At this age they are pressed to find this. There are two: ideology of justice; belief
cconcerned with human rights and freedom (agentic) recognize agency. IDEOLOGIES OF
CARE: responsibility and obligation , other people and your duties to them, concer
communal facet of human nature. Ideological setting of there stories are set at this age.
They choose one of the two, but they are not opposite and can have both that integrate the
two
-this is the time were you also choose a character (AMAGO- a personalized version of
ourselves, an idealized version of ourselves.) The character is more romantasised. The
functionof the IMAGO is to integrate the social roles given to us and internalized in self.
(father, teacher, husband etc) this imago can fashion itself in agency and communion aswell:
HIGH AGENCY / LOW COMMUNION
The Warrior / Ruler The Traveler The Sage
HIGH AGENCY / HIGH COMMUNION
The Counselor The Teacher The Healer
LOW AGENCY / LOW COMMUNION
The Wage-Earner The Escapist The Survivor
LOW AGENCY / HIGH COMMUNION
The Loyal Friend The Caregiver The Lover
There are characters in society that we can chose from(above) with prosocial roles.
Some stories are better, STANDARDS OF GOOD LIFE STORY:
CREDIBILITYHistorical Fidelity, must be true and consistant with historical context
and you cannot make it up. Historical truth and narrative truth is not the same.
COHERENCEInternal Consistency, is story sensible in chronology; begin middle end.
Characters have intelligent intentions, does it come together in a meaningful way
DIFFERENTIATIONThematic Complexity, clear themes and more themes favoured.
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