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Lecture 16

Thorough notes on Lecture 16

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30 PersonalityWed, March 16/2011
Lecture 16
PART II (cont...)
Identity Status Classifications...continued
Achievement (Pathmakers)
The following are the kinds of statements interviewees (researcher named James Marcia is interviewer)
would make if they Achieved Identity
A person's faith is unique to each individual. I've considered and reconsidered it myself and
know what I can believe. (religion)
“I've thought my political beliefs through and realize I may or may not agree with many of my
parents' beliefs. (politics)
It took me a long time to decide but now I know for sure what direction to move in for a
career. (career)
So each of these items in some way make reference to exploration and commitment
From an Eriksonian perspective, these are the individuals who've met the challenge and
emerged having made well defined commitments
These individuals do better in school and they score higher in TAT measures of achievement
motivation
They are not rebellious but they certainly don't conform (to peer pressure or social norms)
because they're engaged in a process of exploring what they think before abiding by or refusing
to abide by various rules
Moratorium (Searchers)
“I'm not so sure what religion means to me. I'm like to make up my mind but I'm not done
looking yet. (religion)
“I'm not sure about my political beliefs, but I'm trying to figure out what I can truly believe in.
(politics)
I just can't decide what to do for an occupation. There are so many possibilities. (career)
There are signs that the person is taking on the challenge of identity in good faith, exploring
the alternatives available to them
Have yet to make the commitments that distinguish Achievement individuals from these
guys
They're in a search (hence Searchers) for ideological and vocational commitments but they
have yet to consolidate them
These individuals tend to me more on the anxious side, but they also tend to be friendly,
likeable, sensitive and insightful
So you could give them labels like Neurotic, but Agreeable – they're warm individuals but
they have the anxiety that comes naturally when one hasn't found their place in the world
Foreclosure (Guardians)
I attend the same church as my family has always attended. I've never really questioned why.
(religion)
www.notesolution.com
I guess I'm pretty much like my folks when it comes to politics. I follow what they do in terms
of voting and such. (politics)
My parents had it decided a long time ago what I should go into and I'm following their career
plans. (career)
So these people have already made commitments, but show no evidence of having
undergone an exploratory process to examine alternative viewpoints
They're Guardians of a particular culture because they take on their parents' teachings
without question, so they're guarding (preserving) their parents values
Individuals who fall into this category are seen as Traditional, conventional, diligent, and proper
They tend to have authoritarian ideologies, so they tend to have political and social value
systems that involve never questioning authority
Diffusion (Drifters)
I don't give religion much thought and it doesn't bother me one way or the other. (religion)
I haven't really considered politics. They just don't excite me much. (politics)
“I'm sure it will be pretty easy for me to change my occupational goals when something better
comes along. (career)
these answers show very little evidence of commitment or exploration...no real intellectual
work going on
this is either the person who has faced the challenge of identity and thrown it out the
window, or has yet to fully take on the process of identity and begin the exploratory process
If there were a hierarchy it'd look like: 1. Achievement, 2. Moratorium, 3. Foreclosure, 4.
Diffusion
We live in a society where it may not be the best thing to have a firm consolidated sense of
identity...he says those who are in Moratorium may be at an advantage:
there are so many ideologies, political viewpoints, and technology is bringing so many
different people into contact with eachother that it's probably best to not have made up your
mind so firmly about what is right or what is good
He suggests to those who are currently in a Moratorium (me!...I think...), that it's not the end
of the world and that maybe it's a good thing
he says how he was in Moratorium for a very long time before he figured everything out
(his ideologies, political attitude, etc)
Intimacy vs. Isolation
As discussed in last lecture, intimacy becomes a primary occupation in one's 20s (probably
different these days but we'll stick to Erikson's times)
The Virtue one is trying to achieve is Love
One can fail towards excess (promiscuity) and deficiency (exclusion)
too much intmacy leads to promiscuity and too little intimacy leads to exclusion
(just look at Stage VI on last lecture...next few slides are on this stage)
Varieties of Intimate Experience
Erikson thinks of intimacy as:
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSYB30 Personality Wed, March 162011 Lecture 16 PART II (cont...) Identity Status Classifications...continued Achievement (Pathmakers) The following are the kinds of statements interviewees (researcher named James Marcia is interviewer) would make if they Achieved Identity A persons faith is unique to each individual. Ive considered and reconsidered it myself and know what I can believe. (religion) Ive thought my political beliefs through and realize I may or may not agree with many of my parents beliefs. (politics) It took me a long time to decide but now I know for sure what direction to move in for a career. (career) So each of these items in some way make reference to exploration and commitment From an Eriksonian perspective, these are the individuals whove met the challenge and emerged having made well defined commitments These individuals do better in school and they score higher in TAT measures of achievement motivation They are not rebellious but they certainly dont conform (to peer pressure or social norms) because theyre engaged in a process of exploring what they think before abiding by or refusing to abide by various rules Moratorium (Searchers) Im not so sure what religion means to me. Im like to make up my mind but Im not done looking yet. (religion) Im not sure about my political beliefs, but Im trying to figure out what I can truly believe in. (politics) I just cant decide what to do for an occupation. There are so many possibilities. (career) There are signs that the person is taking on the challenge of identity in good faith, exploring the alternatives available to them Have yet to make the commitments that distinguish Achievement individuals from these guys Theyre in a search (hence Searchers) for ideological and vocational commitments but they have yet to consolidate them These individuals tend to me more on the anxious side, but they also tend to be friendly, likeable, sensitive and insightful So you could give them labels like Neurotic, but Agreeable theyre warm individuals but they have the anxiety that comes naturally when one hasnt found their place in the world Foreclosure (Guardians) I attend the same church as my family has always attended. Ive never really questioned why. (religion) www.notesolution.com
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