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Lecture 19

Thorough Notes on Lecture 19

7 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30 PersonalityMon, March 28/2011
Lecture 19 – Myth & Narrative
Overview of Week 11
PART I: Sigmund Freud
PART II: Alfred Adler
PART III: Carl Jung
Overview of Part I
Freud's Psychoanalysis
Latent & Manifest
Compromise Formation
Dreams, Symptoms, & Parapraxes (slips of the tongue)
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Freud provided the first (and perhaps only) comprehensive theory of personality:
Structure (id—ego—superego)
Dynamics (conscious vs. Unconscious)
Development (oralanal—phallic—latency—genital)
so theories today are really limited on their scope...like a personality psychologist of
today will try and come up with a theory of agreeableness as a personality trait whereas
these guys like Freud tried to come up with entire theories of personality...so they
basically had more balls than our guys today. RESPECT.
Freud introduced the “talking cure (psychotherapy), and many (if not all) of his ideas are still
widely accepted and used by clinicians today; eg:
The importance of early childhood experiences
With almost any kind of personality disorder, a therapist will make reference to one's
childhood
Internal conflicts and anxiety
Ego defenses
Psychotherapy isn't easy due to the fact that the harder a therapist presses the patient into
diving deeper into their conscious to figure out what's really causing their conflict, the
harder the mind's defenses work to suppress the true answers
Prof says that he bets that every single clinician incorporates some very basic Freudian
ideas in their thinking and practice
Even though that the general map that Freud drew of the mind is probably wrong, we should
still tip our hats to him. When Christopher Columbus drew his maps of the world, they were
wrong but the leap between how the world was viewed before and how it was viewed after is
what we should respect
Fundamental Concepts
www.notesolution.com
Critical ideas in Freudian psychoanalytic thought
Basic Instincts: Sex & Aggression
the libido – an innate life-preserving force that drives human action
thanatos – an aggressive drive within people
Defense Mechanisms
repression
secondary defense mechanisms we can call on if repression fails
used to protect us from anxiety
Anxiety
concept referring to the conflicts between the various structural elements of the psyche
the ego is always in battle between both the id and superego. If either one wins the battle,
the result is us experiencing anxiety
our defense mechanisms serve the purpose of ensuring this does not happen (ego remains in
control)
Text & Subtext
Freud makes the distinction between the manifest (how things seem on the surface) content of things
and the latent (how they truly are underneath) content of things. Things are never as they seem!
Manifest Content (Text)
The surface or conscious level of experience
eg., the dream that you remember having
there's the thoughts you currently have going through your mind, this nagging symptom
you've been having the past several weeks, there's the stupid slip of the tongue you had
when you were talking to your friends the other day. All of these are manifest
behaviours, they all have a surface appearance
But Freud argued that a true understanding of these actions requires recognizing that the
manifest emerges out of a great mob of competing latent material
there is all of this hidden unconscious material which gives rise to the manifest
Latent Content (Subtext)
The hidden or unconscious level of experience
e.g., the underlying meaning of the dream
Freud claims that a good dream is the one you don't remember having because that is the
proper function of a dream
there are the actual stupid words you said when you had the slip of the tongue, and then
there are the underlying urges and motives of which you truly wish to say that were
being restrained by other parts of the self
Latent determines Manifest
There's so much latent material that any manifest material isoverdetermined
there's so many elements that go into determined a behaviour that we can't say that it's
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSYB30 Personality Mon, March 282011 Lecture 19 Myth & Narrative Overview of Week 11 PART I: Sigmund Freud PART II: Alfred Adler PART III: Carl Jung Overview of Part I Freuds Psychoanalysis Latent & Manifest Compromise Formation Dreams, Symptoms, & Parapraxes (slips of the tongue) Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Freud provided the first (and perhaps only) comprehensive theory of personality: Structure (idegosuperego) Dynamics (conscious vs. Unconscious) Development (oralanalphalliclatencygenital) so theories today are really limited on their scope...like a personality psychologist of today will try and come up with a theory of agreeableness as a personality trait whereas these guys like Freud tried to come up with entire theories of personality...so they basically had more balls than our guys today. RESPECT. Freud introduced the talking cure (psychotherapy), and many (if not all) of his ideas are still widely accepted and used by clinicians today; eg: The importance of early childhood experiences With almost any kind of personality disorder, a therapist will make reference to ones childhood Internal conflicts and anxiety Ego defenses Psychotherapy isnt easy due to the fact that the harder a therapist presses the patient into diving deeper into their conscious to figure out whats really causing their conflict, the harder the minds defenses work to suppress the true answers Prof says that he bets that every single clinician incorporates some very basic Freudian ideas in their thinking and practice Even though that the general map that Freud drew of the mind is probably wrong, we should still tip our hats to him. When Christopher Columbus drew his maps of the world, they were wrong but the leap between how the world was viewed before and how it was viewed after is what we should respect Fundamental Concepts www.notesolution.com
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