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Lecture 20

Thorough Notes on Lecture 20

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30 PersonalityWed, March 30/2011
Lecture 20 - 2nd half of Myth & Narrative
PART II: (cont...)
Earliest Memories & Style of Life
Style of Life
The individual's unique interpretation of his or her own inferiority, and the pattern of goal
striving undertaken to overcome this feeling
All of us have our own feeling of inferiority and we come up with our own way to deal with
that inferiority
Adler believed that the best way to become acquainted with another person's Style of Life is
to ask them about their Earliest Memories (first things in life we remember)
Earliest Memories
Reveal a basic life attitude
Significant for their perceived meaning
they express the style with which we handle our sense of inferiority
Not necessarily factually or historically correct
it doesn't matter if this memory is real or construed, what matters is that when asked
what's the earliest thing you remember, this memory is the one you bring up. The fact
that it's the first thing you say is what's revealing
Overview of Part III
Jung's Analytical Psychology
Attitudes & Functions
Archetypes & the Collective Unconscious
Individuation & the Transcendent Function
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961)
Born the son of a country parson and raised in a household rich in religion, philosophy, and
literature
Freud's hand-chosen successor (for a time)
Ultimately broke from Freud – and followed a four-year period during which he was seized by a
series of vivid dreams and mystical experiences – developed his own theory of personality and
psychotherapy
The Two Attitudes
Jung believed that everyone adopts a central attitude towards themselves and the larger world (one of
the two)
Introversion
www.notesolution.com
Orientation toward the self
hesitant, reflective, retiring nature that keeps to itself, shrinks to objects, always slightly on
the defensive and prefers to remain hidden
introverted individual is focused internally on his or her own life
Extroversion
Orientation toward the external world
outgoing, candid and accommodating nature that adapts easily to a situation, easily forms
attachments, and will often venture with careless confidence into unknown situations
focused more on the stimuli on the outer environment than on the stimuli in the inner
environment (self)
He viewed these as personality types. There is a type of person who is an introvert and a
type of person who is an extrovert, and people gravitate into one of these two types.
The Four Functions
In addition to the attitude you've adopted towards the world (or away from the world), there is also a
series of functions that help us mediate our interactions with the world, and in each individual, one or
more of these functions will be more prominent than the others
Sensation tells you something is
the sum total of external facts that are given to us through our sense
doesn't tell us what that something is, only that something is
Thinking tells you what something is
the linking up of ideas by means of a concept
it is the giving of a name to something
Feeling tells you what something is worth
do you like this thing? Dislike it? What is the affective reaction you have to this thing?
Intuition tells you where something came from, and where something is going to
an awareness of the origins and prospects of things. Tells us the past of something and the
possible future of that thing as well
a weird example which he also admitted was crappy:
he prefers these old school razors to shave with, he likes how they feel on his face
better...
Sensation is when he's holding it in his hand. There is something in his hand.
Thinking tells him oh, it's a razor in my hand
Feeling tells him that because this razor feels better on his face, he likes it, it's a good
thing to have
Intuition tells him that he can see his grandson one day having this razor after he's dead
and that it's ultimately going to be this kind of heirloom, so intuition sort of informs him
where it may pass on to
All of us rely on all 4 of these functions all the time but Jung imagined that in each of us,
one of these functions will be predominant.
Based on the attitude we adopt to the world (introverted or extroverted), and the function we rely
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSYB30 nd Personality Wed, March 302011 Lecture 20 - 2 half of Myth & Narrative PART II: (cont...) Earliest Memories & Style of Life Style of Life The individuals unique interpretation of his or her own inferiority, and the pattern of goal striving undertaken to overcome this feeling All of us have our own feeling of inferiority and we come up with our own way to deal with that inferiority Adler believed that the best way to become acquainted with another persons Style of Life is to ask them about their Earliest Memories (first things in life we remember) Earliest Memories Reveal a basic life attitude Significant for their perceived meaning they express the style with which we handle our sense of inferiority Not necessarily factually or historically correct it doesnt matter if this memory is real or construed, what matters is that when asked whats the earliest thing you remember, this memory is the one you bring up. The fact that its the first thing you say is whats revealing Overview of Part III Jungs Analytical Psychology Attitudes & Functions Archetypes & the Collective Unconscious Individuation & the Transcendent Function Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) Born the son of a country parson and raised in a household rich in religion, philosophy, and literature Freuds hand-chosen successor (for a time) Ultimately broke from Freud and followed a four-year period during which he was seized by a series of vivid dreams and mystical experiences developed his own theory of personality and psychotherapy The Two Attitudes Jung believed that everyone adopts a central attitude towards themselves and the larger world (one of the two) Introversion www.notesolution.com
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