Personality Lecture 13
Moving away from Motivations which vary according to person, to needs, that are universal to
Humanistic Approaches to Psychology
Karl Rogers & Abraham Maslow
Humanism emerges in the 20th century as the third organizing force in American psychology
3 main traditions
Psychoanalysis: Dark view of human nature
Behaviourism: Adopted a neutral view of human nature
Humanist Tradition: A more optimistic view of human nature.
Humans are inherently good, we all have potentials, and are designed to realize these
potentials. Whether or not we do, is a function of our environment. The humanist gives more
credit to our ability to “consciously” regulate our behaviours. We're not blind to our own
motivations contrary to what psychoanalytic view presumes.
Key Figure in Humanism
offered a theory of personality
unlike others who presumed that there were several motivations, but he believed there
was a single motivation underlying all behaviours: to actualize, maintain, and enhance
We all have a true-self, the person we are intended to become. We're in the processing of
becoming who we are meant to be.
We are on this existential journey.
There are environments that will support this development and ones that derail it.
How do you know if you're on the right track and making the right choices?
•Organismic Valuing Process
•Rogers believed that there's this mechanism inside of us that informs us: organismic
•This is the voice that tells us whethere what we're doing is right or wrong.
•It's an intuitive structure that will tell you if something's contributing to your
developing sense of self
•Surrounding Environment must support the person in order to become a fully
•Ssomeone who actualizes full potential and brings out the self
•Openness to Experience