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Lecture 14

Personality Lecture 14 Notes

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Lecture 14 – Personality
Self-determination Theory (continued) - Deci
3 basic psychological needs that are typical of the species; must be attained in order to be
intrinsically motivated.
3 universal needs:
Autonomy (feel a sense of choice/ownership over one's own behaviour/actions),
competence (mastery & effectance)
relatedness ( a need to feel connected to others, and care for others
There is no individual difference in need strength, the needs are the same for everybody.
The only difference lies in the environment. Which environment will help satisfy this need.
We can't take it for granted that the needs will be met
Self-determination theorist: The env't has to provide the resources for these needs to be met.
What contributes to the satisfaction of the needs?
3 contextual factors in the environment
1) autonomy support
extent to which environment offers choice, how much initiation or innovation
they encourage
pressure to perform in the environment is minimized
2) structure
the extent to which the relationship between behaviour and outcomes are
understandable
to what extent is feedback to your performance given
important for competence: you need to know what will happen when you behave
in certain ways, is your behaviour guided by feedback in the env't?
3) Involvement
Involvement from others
the extent to which they care for you and are concerned for you
The ideal context is one that supplies autonomy support, a moderate degree of structure for
feedback, and involvement, so you know people care about your development.
All 3 contextual factors can be found in the school environment; a course in particular
Feedback is provided either frequently or infrequently.
Your instructors differ in how much they care
Human Growth & Plant Analogy
you need to supply a plant, with soil, sunlight, and water
when it's deprived of these, it will suffer and eventually die
psychological needs behave in the same way.
www.notesolution.com
Human motivation continuum
we have intrinsically motivations and then there are also extrinsic motivations
a lot of things also fall in between the two ends
some things begin as extrinsic motivations and then they become intrinsic motivations.
Internalization
psychological process of taking an external regulation and bringing it inside the self so
that it becomes part of who you are
it's a graded continuum : there are degrees to which things become internalized.
3 compelling levels of internalization
External Regulation (far extreme)
Acting in accord w/extrinsic rewards & punishments
Doing something for the money, or staying out of jail, etc.
Introjection
(1st stage when we bring something inside ourselves)
external regulation becomes PARTIALLY incorporated with our inner self.
No longer doin something because there's an external reward or punishment, but
now there's an internal need to avoid punishment, etc.
you might try to avoid feeling shame or guilty.
Acting in accord w/partially internalized extrinsic contingencies, which are
experienced as self-esteem-related feelings (anxiety, guilt)
Identification
More complete form of internalization
Identified form of motivation
Extrinsic is now fully internalized within self
The thing is now IMPORTANT TO YOU; DOESN'T HAVE TO BE FUN
Acting in accord w/fully internalized (but compartmentalized) extrinsic
contingencies, which are consciously endorsed & personally VALUED.
Integrated Regulation
Highest form of internalization
You're internalization has been unified with every other motivation within you
now that you've internalized this behaviour, everything else about you has been
completely reorganized
REORGANIZE YOUR OTHER BEHAVIOURS AS WELL!
Acting in accord w/fully internalized extrinsic contingencies, which have been
unified w/other identifications, values, & needs
Internalization & Recycling Analogy
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 14 Personality Self-determination Theory (continued) - Deci 3 basic psychological needs that are typical of the species; must be attained in order to be intrinsically motivated. 3 universal needs: Autonomy (feel a sense of choiceownership over ones own behaviouractions), competence (mastery & effectance) relatedness ( a need to feel connected to others, and care for others There is no individual difference in need strength, the needs are the same for everybody. The only difference lies in the environment. Which environment will help satisfy this need. We cant take it for granted that the needs will be met Self-determination theorist: The envt has to provide the resources for these needs to be met. What contributes to the satisfaction of the needs? 3 contextual factors in the environment 1) autonomy support extent to which environment offers choice, how much initiation or innovation they encourage pressure to perform in the environment is minimized 2) structure the extent to which the relationship between behaviour and outcomes are understandable to what extent is feedback to your performance given important for competence: you need to know what will happen when you behave in certain ways, is your behaviour guided by feedback in the envt? 3) Involvement Involvement from others the extent to which they care for you and are concerned for you The ideal context is one that supplies autonomy support, a moderate degree of structure for feedback, and involvement, so you know people care about your development. All 3 contextual factors can be found in the school environment; a course in particular Feedback is provided either frequently or infrequently. Your instructors differ in how much they care Human Growth & Plant Analogy you need to supply a plant, with soil, sunlight, and water when its deprived of these, it will suffer and eventually die psychological needs behave in the same way. www.notesolution.com
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