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PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

Week 8 Lecture Notes

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30 Lecture Notes (Lecture 13+14)Week 8 – Self-Determination 1
HUMANISM
The old Psychoanalytic theory in which everything humans do are based on their inner dark
unconsciousness. Behaviorism sees humans as neutral, we aren't good nor evil, we're simply
what we have learned to be (operant conditioning).
Humanism sees it differently from both of the views above. It has an optimistic view of the
person as inherently good.
All of us come into the world with potentials, and we're designed to realize these
potentials.
Views the human being as rational, purposeful, and autonomous, capable of creativity
and experiencing deep and profound insights into reality.
Carl Rogers (1902 – 1987)
Carl Rogers was convinced that there is a single motivation that underline all human
behaviors.
"The organism has but one basic tendency and striving – to actualize, maintain, and enhance
the experiencing organism. "
We are all in the process of becoming the person we're meant to be, to realize the potentials
we have in us. There are environment that will help us achieve it, or on the other hand derail
it.
Rogers said there is a mechanism that informs us whether or not we're making growth
promoting choices -> The Organismic Valuing Process (OVP)
The little voice in our head that tells us what we're doing is right or wrong.
Humans have a fundamental capacity to perceive the growth-relevant implications of
their experiences and choices.
If we have the environment we need to realize our potentials, and our OVP is working inside
of us, then we are on our road to what Rogers calls The Fully Functioning Person
There are traits that characterize someone that's on the road to the fully functioning.
Openness to Experience -> Not the same as the 5 factor model, it is meant to
characterizes that the fully functiong person is free of the need to defensively distort
the reality they experience. They're able to listen attentively, without anxiety. They
can confront the reality at hand, no need to distort them due to insecurity etc...
Existential Living -> Free to live in the moment. They aren't overwhelmed with
regrets from their past or overwhelmed with their future. They fully appreciate what
the presence has to offer.
Self-Trust -> has the ability the trust themselves. They abide by their OVP telling
them what they should or should not do.
On Becoming a Person
Positive Regard -> The critical ingredient to becoming the fully functioning person. All
of us have the need to be loved or be accepted, especially at an earlier age. We need to
look at others and see the appreciation and respect they have for us.
Conditions of Worth -> Thus this drives us to change in order to receive or see the
reflection of those appreciations and respects from others.
Conditional Positive Regard -> Love and approval are earned occasionally by meeting
certain conditions.
Client-Centered Therapy
Unconditional Positive Regard -> The councillor must accept the patient and his/her
www.notesolution.com
PSYB30 Lecture Notes (Lecture 13+14)Week 8 – Self-Determination 2
whole self.
Empathic Understanding -> They must in their words convey the client that they're
able to see the world the same way that the client is seeing.
Reflection -> It is when the councillor accurately expresses the client's attitudes and
feelings. You need to show that you are also capable of expressing feelings that the
clients have, to further make sure that you're capable of SEEing the world the way they
see. AND to further make sure the the client knows that you are capable.
This reflection is thought to have a transformative impact on the client's self.
Thus no matter what kind of Psychotherpaist you want to become, you need to make
sure you have at least some Rogerian attitude. (Client-centered therapy)
Abraham Maslow (1908 – 1970)
Most famous for Maslow's heirarchy of basic needs.
The heirarchy is in the form that we move down a hierarchy if it isn't satisfied, and we
move up a hierarchy if it is satisfied.
Physiological -> Hunger, thirst, warm, pain, fatigue
Safety -> Security, protection, shelter, clothing
Belongingness & Love -> Friendship, family, partners
Esteem -> achievement, respect
Self-Actualization -> The ones below this are deficiency needs (in which when they're
absent, we feel the need to fill in the hole.), they're Drive-REducing (once you're full,
you don't want to eat more). Self-actualization is NOT a deficiency need. Self-
actualization is drive-INducing, once we get to that stage, and once our only concern is
self-actualize, we're in a stage where we want more and more of this continuous stage.
Peak Experience: Mystical experiences where we momentarily have feelings of joy,
awe, wonderment. These peak experiences are windows to personality transformation.
These experiences are VERY rare, they're experienced by people that are:
At the peak of their abilities
Integrated, whole, and unified
Creative, self-confident, flexible
Spontaneous, expressive, innocent.
Flaws with Maslow's Hierarchy
Priority of Needs -> Seems that there are multiple instances where people move onto
higher needs without achieving the lower needs. (Russian writers that are sent to prisons,
SELF-ACTUALIZATION
ESTEEM
BELONGINGNESS & LOVE
SAFETY
PHYSIOLOGICAL
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Description
PSYB30 Lecture Notes (Lecture 13+14)Week 8 Self-Determination 1 HUMANISM The old Psychoanalytic theory in which everything humans do are based on their inner dark unconsciousness. Behaviorism sees humans as neutral, we arent good nor evil, were simply what we have learned to be (operant conditioning). Humanism sees it differently from both of the views above. It has an optimistic view of the person as inherently good. All of us come into the world with potentials, and were designed to realize these potentials. Views the human being as rational, purposeful, and autonomous, capable of creativity and experiencing deep and profound insights into reality. Carl Rogers (1902 1987) Carl Rogers was convinced that there is a single motivation that underline all human behaviors. The organism has but one basic tendency and striving to actualize, maintain, and enhance the experiencing organism. We are all in the process of becoming the person were meant to be, to realize the potentials we have in us. There are environment that will help us achieve it, or on the other hand derail it. Rogers said there is a mechanism that informs us whether or not were making growth promoting choices -> The Organismic Valuing Process (OVP) The little voice in our head that tells us what were doing is right or wrong. Humans have a fundamental capacity to perceive the growth-relevant implications of their experiences and choices. If we have the environment we need to realize our potentials, and our OVP is working inside of us, then we are on our road to what Rogers calls The Fully Functioning Person There are traits that characterize someone thats on the road to the fully functioning. Openness to Experience -> Not the same as the 5 factor model, it is meant to characterizes that the fully functiong person is free of the need to defensively distort the reality they experience. Theyre able to listen attentively, without anxiety. They can confront the reality at hand, no need to distort them due to insecurity etc... Existential Living -> Free to live in the moment. They arent overwhelmed with regrets from their past or overwhelmed with their future. They fully appreciate what the presence has to offer. Self-Trust -> has the ability the trust themselves. They abide by their OVP telling them what they should or should not do. On Becoming a Person Positive Regard -> The critical ingredient to becoming the fully functioning person. All of us have the need to be loved or be accepted, especially at an earlier age. We need to look at others and see the appreciation and respect they have for us. Conditions of Worth -> Thus this drives us to change in order to receive or see the reflection of those appreciations and respects from others. Conditional Positive Regard -> Love and approval are earned occasionally by meeting certain conditions. Client-Centered Therapy Unconditional Positive Regard -> The councillor must accept the patient and hisher www.notesolution.com
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