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PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

Week 9 Lecture Notes

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30 Lecture Notes (Lecture 15+16)Week 9 – Life Span Development 1
ERIK ERIKSON
Erik Erikson took Freud's psychoanalytic theory and made it a life long psycho social theory.
He reconceptualized every stages of Freud's.
He was borned as a Jewish named Erik Homburger, his father abandoned him and his mom,
and his mom remarried into a different community. Thus Erik Erikson wasn't welcomed in
either one of the communities, hence the name "The Outsider".
Erik left home and began to travel until the age of 25.
He adopted the psychoanalyst role, which was a tough job back then, the patients would
often come with their children, thus the clinic would often offer teaching services to the
children brought in by the patients.
In 1933, seeing the changes in political circumstances in Europe and Germany, he left
German and went to America, he assumes many academic teaching position in institutions
like Harvard etc...
He adopted the name Erik Erikson in 1939.
Fundamental Eriksonian Concepts
The Epigenetic Principle -> Personality is designed to unfold across a predetermined series
of developmental stages. Each Stage confronts us with a developmental task or challenge or
issue, this task or challenge must be addressed, although not necessarily succeed. For each
development task, there is an optimal time, and it is crucial that we take on each tasks at the
appropriate time. It cannot be hurried and it cannot be stalled. Upon confronting each task,
one requires a psychosocial strength called "virtue". Each challenge or tasks have 2 opposite
outcome(trust vs mistrust), thus the virtue must keep a balance between the two.
Triple Bookkeeping -> Individual's life must be understood on three complementary
analysis.
Body -> Various sexual and libido urges that are housed within the body.
Ego -> Individual's conscious understanding of the world.
Family / Society -> growing up in the 1930s in Vietnam is different than growing up in
the 21st century Toronto.
The Life Span Development
Freud states that mental development matures and stops at age 6, erik erikson thinks that it
continues onto adulthood.
Stage I
Infancy (0-1 Years)
Issue: Trust vs. Mistrust (The mother's bond with the infant is central to the child.)
The virtue that stands out in this stage is Hope. It assists the child later on in life.
Maladaptation: Sensory Distortion (excessively trusting, gullible)
Malignancy: Withdrawl (Depression, paranoia, suspicion)
Stage II
Toddlerhood (2-3 Years)
Issue: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt -> This is during the time when toilet training is
taking place, and the learning of self-mastery and control for the child. During this time,
the child is becoming increasingly mobile (able to walk etc). During ths time, there are
many opportunities for succession and failure.
Maladaptation: Impulsivity (Shameless willfullness)
Malignancy: Compulsion (Self-doubting and perfectionistic)
www.notesolution.com
PSYB30 Lecture Notes (Lecture 15+16)Week 9 – Life Span Development 2
Virtue: Will (The capacity to become determined, to believe oneself's capability to cause
change to the environment)
Stage III
Preschool Childhod (3-6 years)
Issue: Initiative vs. Guilt -> The child at this point is assuming increasingly
responsibility for his or her autonomy, and is developing a sense of purpose and power in
the world.
Maladaptation: Ruthlessness (Doesn't give shit about others)
Malignancy: Inhibition (Better safe than sorry, never take the initiative)
Virtue: Purpose (Giving direction to action)
Stage IV
School-Age Childhood (7-12 Years)
Issue: Industry vs. Inferiority -> In many cultures, children are undergoing systematic
construction outside the family. Children are leaving the home and going to other places
for continued education. This equips boys and girls with roles they will ultimately adopt
in their later life.
Maladaptation: Narrow Virtuosity -> excellence in a very narrow field, child musicians,
child artists, child athletes etc. These specialized fields are stopping them from being
children. (Too much Industry)
Malignancy: Intertia -> a sense of inferiority
Virtue: Competence
Freud's Stages stop HERE, StageV is when Erikson's stages become alot more
interesting.
Stage V
Adolescence (13-18)
Issue: Identitry vs. Role Confusion -> This is when children start to ask more questions
that they werent capable of asking before. (The "What if" question). They can look back
at their childhood and realize that things could've been different, they realize alternative
ways of solving things. They start to ask "Who am i? Who am i to become? How can i fit
into the larger society?"
Maladaptation: Fanaticism -> the idea of intolerance, you value your belief so much that
you can not tolerance differences in others.
Malignancy: Repudiation -> Refusing the challenge of identity.
Virtue: Fidelity -> Loyalty, the capacity to live and be truthful to society standards
inspite of the scoiety's incompleteness, inconsistencies and flaws.
Stage VI
Young Adulthood (20s)
Issue: Intimacy vs. Isolation -> Sharing the identity with another individual or group of
people.
Maladaptation: Promiscuity -> Not sexual promiscuity, but the tendency to become too
intimate too early, shallow.
Malignancy: Exclusion -> Pulling away from others, by isolating oneself from love,
community and friendship.
Virtue: Love -> The capacity to put aside differences.
Stage VII
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Description
PSYB30 Lecture Notes (Lecture 15+16)Week 9 Life Span Development 1 ERIK ERIKSON Erik Erikson took Freuds psychoanalytic theory and made it a life long psycho social theory. He reconceptualized every stages of Freuds. He was borned as a Jewish named Erik Homburger, his father abandoned him and his mom, and his mom remarried into a different community. Thus Erik Erikson wasnt welcomed in either one of the communities, hence the name The Outsider. Erik left home and began to travel until the age of 25. He adopted the psychoanalyst role, which was a tough job back then, the patients would often come with their children, thus the clinic would often offer teaching services to the children brought in by the patients. In 1933, seeing the changes in political circumstances in Europe and Germany, he left German and went to America, he assumes many academic teaching position in institutions like Harvard etc... He adopted the name Erik Erikson in 1939. Fundamental Eriksonian Concepts The Epigenetic Principle -> Personality is designed to unfold across a predetermined series of developmental stages. Each Stage confronts us with a developmental task or challenge or issue, this task or challenge must be addressed, although not necessarily succeed. For each development task, there is an optimal time, and it is crucial that we take on each tasks at the appropriate time. It cannot be hurried and it cannot be stalled. Upon confronting each task, one requires a psychosocial strength called virtue. Each challenge or tasks have 2 opposite outcome(trust vs mistrust), thus the virtue must keep a balance between the two. Triple Bookkeeping -> Individuals life must be understood on three complementary analysis. Body -> Various sexual and libido urges that are housed within the body. Ego -> Individuals conscious understanding of the world. Family Society -> growing up in the 1930s in Vietnam is different than growing up in the 21 century Toronto. The Life Span Development Freud states that mental development matures and stops at age 6, erik erikson thinks that it continues onto adulthood. Stage I Infancy (0-1 Years) Issue: Trust vs. Mistrust (The mothers bond with the infant is central to the child.) The virtue that stands out in this stage is Hope. It assists the child later on in life. Maladaptation: Sensory Distortion (excessively trusting, gullible) Malignancy: Withdrawl (Depression, paranoia, suspicion) Stage II Toddlerhood (2-3 Years) Issue: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt -> This is during the time when toilet training is taking place, and the learning of self-mastery and control for the child. During this time, the child is becoming increasingly mobile (able to walk etc). During ths time, there are many opportunities for succession and failure. Maladaptation: Impulsivity (Shameless willfullness) Malignancy: Compulsion (Self-doubting and perfectionistic) www.notesolution.com
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