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Lecture 14

lecture 14 thorough

9 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Lecture 14 Personality
Self-determination Theory (continued) - Deci
3 basic psychological needs that are typical of the species; must be attained in order to be
intrinsically motivated.
3 universal needs:
Autonomy (feel a sense of choice/ownership over one's own behaviour/actions),
competence (mastery & effectance)
relatedness ( a need to feel connected to others, and care for others
There is no individual difference in need strength, the needs are the same for everybody.
The only difference lies in the environment. Which environment will help satisfy this need.
We can't take it for granted that the needs will be met
Self-determination theorist: The env't has to provide the resources for these needs to be
met.
What contributes to the satisfaction of the needs?
3 contextual factors in the environment
1) autonomy support
extent to which environment offers choice, how much initiation or innovation
they encourage
pressure to perform in the environment is minimized
2) structure
the extent to which the relationship between behaviour and outcomes are
understandable
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to what extent is feedback to your performance given
important for competence: you need to know what will happen when you behave
in certain ways, is your behaviour guided by feedback in the env't?
3) Involvement
Involvement from others
the extent to which they care for you and are concerned for you
The ideal context is one that supplies autonomy support, a moderate degree of structure
for
feedback, and involvement, so you know people care about your development.
All 3 contextual factors can be found in the school environment; a course in particular
Feedback is provided either frequently or infrequently.
Your instructors differ in how much they care
Human Growth & Plant Analogy
you need to supply a plant, with soil, sunlight, and water
when it's deprived of these, it will suffer and eventually die
psychological needs behave in the same way.
Human motivation continuum
we have intrinsically motivations and then there are also extrinsic motivations
a lot of things also fall in between the two ends
some things begin as extrinsic motivations and then they become intrinsic motivations.
Internalization
psychological process of taking an external regulation and bringing it inside the self so
that it becomes part of who you are
it's a graded continuum : there are degrees to which things become internalized.
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3 compelling levels of internalization
External Regulation (far extreme)
Acting in accord w/extrinsic rewards & punishments
Doing something for the money, or staying out of jail, etc.
Introjection
(1
st
stage when we bring something inside ourselves)
external regulation becomes PARTIALLY incorporated with our inner self.
No longer doin something because there's an external reward or punishment, but
now there's an internal need to avoid punishment, etc.
you might try to avoid feeling shame or guilty.
Acting in accord w/partially internalized extrinsic contingencies, which are
experienced as self-esteem-related feelings (anxiety, guilt)
Identification
More complete form of internalization
Identified form of motivation
Extrinsic is now fully internalized within self
The thing is now IMPORTANT TO YOU; DOESN'T HAVE TO BE FUN
Acting in accord w/fully internalized (but compartmentalized) extrinsic
contingencies, which are consciously endorsed & personally VALUED.
Integrated Regulation
Highest form of internalization
You're internalization has been unified with every other motivation within you
now that you've internalized this behaviour, everything else about you has been
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Description
Lecture 14PersonalitySelfdetermination Theory continuedDeci3 basic psychological needs that are typical of the species must be attained in order to be intrinsically motivated3 universal needsAutonomy feel a sense of choiceownership over ones own behaviouractionscompetence masteryeffectancerelatednessa need to feel connected to others and care for othersThere is no individual difference in need strength the needs are the same for everybodyThe only difference lies in the environment Which environment will help satisfy this needWe cant take it for granted that the needs will be metSelfdetermination theorist The envt has to provide the resources for these needs to be metWhat contributes to the satisfaction of the needs3 contextual factors in the environment1 autonomy supportextent to which environment offers choice how much initiation or innovation they encouragepressure to perform in the environment is minimized2 structurethe extent to which the relationship between behaviour and outcomes are understandablewwwnotesolutioncom
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