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Lecture 15

lecture 15

7 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Lecture 15
Characteristics Adaptations Conclusion
Human Development
Erik Erikson
Theory of Psychosocial Development
Reformulation of Freud's psychosexual development
Erikson re-conceptualizes each of the Fruedian stages and he also extends Freud model
beyond childhood and emphasizes adulthood and across the life span
Important aspects of his theory
Stages
Tasks/Issues
Virtues/Strength
2 key ideas underlying Erikson thinking
1)The Epigenetic Principle
Personality is designed to unfold across a predetermined series of stages that all
people must pass through
Each stage presents a challenge or issue and it must be confronted
Doesn't mean we will always resolve it and succeed
Optimal Time
For each of these challeneges there is an optimal time and it is crucial that we
undertake them at a particular time
It cannot be rushed and cannot be stalled
Virtue
a psychosocial strength that comes from having adequately addressed a challenge
www.notesolution.com
Favorable balance
these tasks involve conflicts with two outcomes
the virtue or strength is to be found between those two outcomes
you can have an excess or deficiency in the characteristic you're supposed to
inherit. A failure to resolve a challenge could lead to an excess or defficiency.
The goal is to have the perfect balance between them a balance
2) Triple Bookkeeping
person's life must be understood on 3 levels of analysis
If you want to describe a person's functioning you must consider these
body
body and the sexual urges housed within the body
a description of the person's functioning must consider this aspect of functioning
the ego
person's conscious understand of the world
underemphasized in Freudian thinking
family/society
look at developmental history in relation to the context of family, history, and
society in order to understand individual
Life Span Developmental Theory
Development continued way past childhood
1)Infancy
Issue of Trust/mistrust
bond with mom
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Description
Lecture 15Characteristics Adaptations ConclusionHuman DevelopmentErik EriksonTheory of Psychosocial DevelopmentReformulation of Freuds psychosexual developmentErikson reconceptualizes each of the Fruedian stages and he also extends Freud model beyond childhood and emphasizes adulthood and across the life spanImportant aspects of his theoryStagesTasksIssuesVirtuesStrength2 key ideas underlying Erikson thinking1The Epigenetic PrinciplePersonality is designed to unfold across a predetermined series of stages that all people must pass throughEach stage presents a challenge or issue and it must be confrontedDoesnt mean we will always resolve it and succeed Optimal TimeFor each of these challeneges there is an optimal time and it is crucial that we undertake them at a particular timeIt cannot be rushed and cannot be stalled Virtuea psychosocial strength that comes from having adequately addressed a challengewwwnotesolutioncom
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