Class Notes (920,269)
CA (542,226)
UTSC (32,855)
Psychology (8,010)
PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

LECTURE NOTES

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30Wednesday March 23
Lecture 18
-to a certain extent ones life story is predictable given ones traits
-given characteristics we are more likely to craft one story than another
-to life story cannot be reduced to ones traits or motivations
-the context of the life story is more than that of their characteristics
-the relationship btwn life story and psychotherapy
-we can understand much of what goes on in psychotherapy from 3 different
frameworks
-most psychotherapists would ascribe to one of the schools of psychotherapy
-the practitioners of each of these classes of psychotherapy claim that what they are
doing in session differentiates them from other psychotherapists
Psychodynamic Therapists
-talk about the conflicts inherent in their patients
-conflicts btwn id and ego, or ego and superego are all sources of symptoms within the
psychodynamic patient
-these conflicts produce anxiety
-nature of the psyche to respond to the anxiety with defense mechanisms
-when there is a conflict that overwhelms to ego capacity to cope we can deny or
repress, etc.
-when all of these defense mechanisms fail there is the additional opportunity of
developing symptoms, and the symptom itself reps an expression of the underlying
conflict
-the goal is psychodynamic therapy is to serve as the therapist as a blank slate on
which the patient can project all of their underlying self-conscious stuff
-the patient comes in to the session screwed up and using their defenses projects their
issues onto the therapist; the therapist is an object on which to project the underlying
issues that the patient has
-the therapist provides an interpretation of that projection
-this produces some insight within the patient into the conflict that he or she has
-for a brief moment the patient becomes insightful
-the insight is distressing b/c the whole goal of the unconscious is to keep awareness of
the conflict away from oneself
-the insight leads to resistance towards the therapist
-the resistance becomes further transference
-with repeated opportunities to experience insight the patient should be able to resolve
the issues
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
-there is the notion that antecedent events elicit behavs; behavs can be overt or covert
www.notesolution.com
-behav’s can have consequences; if they are punitive you are less likely to engage in
that behavior in the future
-CBT therapist employs diff techniques
-use cognitive restructuring techniques and behavioral experiments
-behav. experiment; put the patients belief to a test
-eg. they think embarrassment is the worst thing possible; have them
intentionally embarrass themselves so that they see that embarrassment isnt the end of
the world
Humanistic
-there are conditions or worth that we all learn
-these internalized conditions of worth can be pathological and lead us to problems later
in life
-one of the goals of humanistic therapy is to through the process of reflection
communicate to the patient that their thoughts or feelings can be exposed to the world
and they do not have to be suppressed or hidden, that there is at least one person in
the world (the therapist) who will value the patient unconditionally, and so the patient
can have a complete functioning sense of self
-these therapies are diff from one another and they all claim to produce change through
different mechanisms
-which one is better?
-over the past 4-5 decades a large body of research has emerged testing these
therapies against one another
-to date there have been hundreds of studies done on the outcomes of the therapies
-reviews find again and again that they all are equivalent and one cannot be said to be
superior than the others
-they are all technically different but do not seem to be different in the efficacy
-dodo bird effect; all therapies win as being “the best
-this was a discouraging finding when first came to light in 1970s
-led to the question how is this possible?
-there have been 3 suggestions made as to how this Is the case
-1- the literature is wrong; the differences exist, we just have yet to detect them
-there must be something wrong with the measures that are used and we need better
measurements
-this is unlikely ; the measures used tend to focus on symptoms, and symptom
measures have demonstrated reliability and validity
-2- accept that there are diff ways of arriving at the same conclusion
-they are equally valid roots to a common end point
-implausible situation; that they are all exactly equal
-3- this one has received the most attention over the last 30-40 years
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSYB30 Wednesday March 23 Lecture 18 -to a certain extent ones life story is predictable given ones traits -given characteristics we are more likely to craft one story than another -to life story cannot be reduced to ones traits or motivations -the context of the life story is more than that of their characteristics -the relationship btwn life story and psychotherapy -we can understand much of what goes on in psychotherapy from 3 different frameworks -most psychotherapists would ascribe to one of the schools of psychotherapy -the practitioners of each of these classes of psychotherapy claim that what they are doing in session differentiates them from other psychotherapists Psychodynamic Therapists -talk about the conflicts inherent in their patients -conflicts btwn id and ego, or ego and superego are all sources of symptoms within the psychodynamic patient -these conflicts produce anxiety -nature of the psyche to respond to the anxiety with defense mechanisms -when there is a conflict that overwhelms to ego capacity to cope we can deny or repress, etc. -when all of these defense mechanisms fail there is the additional opportunity of developing symptoms, and the symptom itself reps an expression of the underlying conflict -the goal is psychodynamic therapy is to serve as the therapist as a blank slate on which the patient can project all of their underlying self-conscious stuff -the patient comes in to the session screwed up and using their defenses projects their issues onto the therapist; the therapist is an object on which to project the underlying issues that the patient has -the therapist provides an interpretation of that projection -this produces some insight within the patient into the conflict that he or she has -for a brief moment the patient becomes insightful -the insight is distressing bc the whole goal of the unconscious is to keep awareness of the conflict away from oneself -the insight leads to resistance towards the therapist -the resistance becomes further transference -with repeated opportunities to experience insight the patient should be able to resolve the issues Cognitive Behavioral Therapy -there is the notion that antecedent events elicit behavs; behavs can be overt or covert www.notesolution.com
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